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Adur Valley News Bulletin

Link to the Shoreham-by-Sea HomepageAdur Torpedo

This is the first published Electronic Newspaper for 
Shoreham-by-Sea and District, West Sussex, England

November 1999 : Volume 1  Issue 4
    News & Events

    Grand Prix  Formula 1:  If an Adur Bath Tub was 10 mm too wide, would it be disqualified?

    Wildlife Reports

    The Labour party announce at the Bournemouth Conference that the South Downs are to become a National Park.  14 of the 15 Councils in Sussex are opposed. The exception are the proponents Brighton Council. The FOE are actively in favour and groups like the National Trust and the Society of Sussex Downsmen have expressed their support. The Sussex Conservation Board, which would be replaced, are opposed. A few working environmentalists I have met said that it would not make much difference, except that:
    1)  planning applications on the Downs would be more difficult.
    2)  more money would be available for conservation projects etc. 

    The Shoreham Herald has invited comments from its readers in a full page display. 

    The Downs

    Oh! the downs high to the cool sky;
    And the feel of the sun-warmed moss;
    And each cardoon, like a full moon,
    Fairy-spun of the thistle floss;
    And the beech grove, and a wood dove,
    And the trail where the shepherds pass;
    And the lark's song, and the wind song,
    And the scent of the parching grass!

    John Galsworthy  (1867-1933)

    Sounds like sentimental slop to me, and I am not sure what cardoon means in this context?


    The summits on the downs are clay soil containing flints. I am not sure if this because cultivation eroded the clay on the other parts of the Downs, or if this was the composition laid down millions of year ago. The clay provides the conditions where beech trees can be planted and grow, e.g. Sompting Clump. 

    Adur Valley Wildlife
    Geology of Sussex

    Birdwatchers protest against bird hunting in France.

    Birdwatchers will be protesting on a French nature reserve on Sunday against the shooting of birds - many of which migrate to Britain.
    They are unhappy about a French decision to prolong the hunting season by two months. 
    Conservation groups from throughout Europe also accuse the French government of ignoring laws protecting wildlife and allowing hunters to take over part of the Platier d'Oye reserve near Calais. 
    The birds most at risk include Redshank, Curlew, Oystercatcher and Lapwing, all of which would otherwise migrate to Britain. (Redshank, Oystercatcher and Lapwing all inhabit the RSPB reserve on the River Adur).
    The Royal Society for the Protection of Birds and the Worldwide Fund for Nature support French bird conservation groups in a campaign to reverse last year's extension by France of the shooting season. 
    It starts a month earlier than before, in mid-July and ends a month later at the end of February. 
    Conservationists say that means birds can legally be shot during part of the summer breeding season, and the winter migrating season. 

    An online petition against the hunting is at http://www.rspb.co.uk

    Words of the Month

    Paludal:    | pljud()l, -lu-, paljd()l, -l- |  a. E19. [f. L palud-, palus marsh + -AL1.] (Of a plant) growing in marshy ground, requiring a marshy habitat; Med. malarial; gen. marshy.paludine  | paljdn, -dLn; -l- |  a. of or pertaining to a marsh, marshy M19.

    Cardoon  | kdun |  n. E17. [Fr. cardon, f. carde edible part of the artichoke, f. mod.Prov. cardo f. Proto-Romance f. L cardu(u)s thistle, artichoke: see -OON.] 
    A plant of the composite family, Cynara cardunculus, resembling a thistle and related to the globe artichoke; the fleshy inner leaf-stalks of this plant, eaten as a vegetable.
    This plant is native to southern Europe and is not found on the South Downs, and probably would not grow there unless cultivated with great care. 
    It is conceivable that cardoon was used as a general name for a thistle, but I have not been able to find a reference to this in Victorian texts. It is unlikely because of the use of the thistle as an emblem for centuries before. Is it used in the poem because it conveniently rhymes with moon?   Or is it part of the thistle?                                                                                                AH

    Parch  | pt |  n. rare exc. in comb. LME. [f. next.] The action of parching; the condition of being parched.
    Comb.: parch mark Archaeol. a localized discoloration of the ground in dry weather over buried remains.
    Parch (Chambers)  to make hot and very dry. (ety:  unknown)
    Parch is found in the Bible, Shakespeare, Milton, Keats.
    Excerpted from The Oxford Interactive Encyclopedia*
    Developed by The Learning Company, Inc. Copyright (c) 1997 TLC Properties Inc. (unless indicated in blue)

    November 1999: Computer Shopper has the Oxford Reference Shelf (not the above reference) which is probably worth its money (£2.45) for the Metric Conversion on its own. The standard dictionary is the Pocket Oxford (Smaller than the Shorter Oxford*). Essential because of the Americanisation of word processor spell-checkers, and especially if you have to put on special reading spectacles to see a printed word dictionary. French, Italian and Spanish. Greek and Latin absent. Can anybody recommend an electronic dictionary for the last two, and Old English/Saxon?

    The Oxford Interactive Encyclopedia* is now available with the first issue of Computer Success Plus (in newsagents) at £1.99.

    Historical Snippets

    Cretaceous Period (from the Latin, creta 'chalk'), the last geological period of the Mesozoic Era, spanning the period of time from some 144 to 66.4 million years ago. The climate was warm and the sea-level rose, and by the middle of the period marine transgression was widespread (this is not what caused the combes and valleys in the Downs though). 
    The Cretaceous saw the emergence of the first flowering plants and the dominance of dinosaurs, although these died out before the end of the Mesozoic Era.

    Mesozoic Era


    Distribution of landmasses, mountainous regions, shallow seas, and deep ocean basins during the Late Jurassic.
    Included in the paleographic reconstruction are cold and warm ocean currents. The present-day coastlines and tectonic boundaries of the configured continents are shown in the inset.

    At the onset there existed the two supercontinents of  Gondwana and Laurasia, which were barely attached at the junction of North and South America. When these enormous landmasses divided, the South Atlantic Ocean, Indian Ocean, Gulf of Mexico, and Caribbean came into being. By the end of the Cretaceous, the present-day continents were separate entities except for Australia, which was still joined to Antarctica. Also, India had not yet fused to Asia. The positions of the various continents were very  nearly those shown in the map below for the Maastrichtian shortly before the close of the Cretaceous.

Compiled on Netscape Composer, part of Netscape Communicator 4.6
Extent the tide recedes at low neaps. The tide goes out further on the low springs that occur at dusk and dawn.Sea Defences made of syenite rock from Norway