Spring Dyke (TQ 209 068) Mushrooms:  Autumn 2004 to Winter 2005

5 January 2005
There was a single old orange Tube Mushroom, Tubaria furfuracea, attached to the base of a broken twig. Small Jew's Ear Mushrooms and lichens Parmelia caperata grew on the Hawthorn.
Adur Lichens

7 December 2004
On Spring Dyke (TQ 209 068) next to Miller's Stream two species of mushroom were discovered:

It was not until my departure (by the gate) that I discovered them. The red-orange mushroom growing from the reed strewn soil measured 22 cm cap diameter and it was 44 mm high and this is probably Tubaria furfuracea seen last winter (above far left). The other species (three images above, second from right to far right) looked much smaller, although the measurements of this tall mushroom were 90 mm high and a conical cap diameter of 18 mm, with a smaller specimen next to it which measured 65 mm high and a brown conical cap that was about 7 mm in diameter. This species came out of the soil and the base of the stipe was root-like as shown in the photograph on the far right. The smaller mushroom of the same species had pale cream-fawn-greyish gills that had not turned black.

Tubaria furfuracea certainly looks likely.
The other one is a Psathyrella - if it is rooting it's Psathyrella microrhiza, but rooting refers to a small tap root, not lots of little white rootlets (which would be called "strigose"). Must dig up carefully and then usually need to cut in half (vertically) to see if it's rooting. If not rooting, then probably Psathyrella gracilis. They both start out brown and dry pale grey to dirty white, but young caps of Psathyrella microrhiza are richer brown and more parabolic whereas Psathyrella gracilis is duller and more conical. Tubaria furfuracea, Psathyrella microrhiza and Psathyrella gracilis all usually grow from sawdust, although late in the seaon (i.e. December!) Tubaria furfuracea grows on soil - some people call this another species (Tubaria hiemalis, I think).

Identification and Comment by Malcolm Storey (BioImages) on the Fungi of the British Isles (Yahoo Group)
Fungi of Shoreham