The attested ME forms of _twitten_ (e.g. 'atte Twyten' in 13th c. Sussex surnames) point rather to an OE *_twiten_, related to German _Twiete_ 'narrow lane, alley'.
Should not be confused with the origin OE twicen cf.
rolling grassland, especially the chalk downs of Sussex (OE
origin dun) ***
or combe in the downs
Dean died out in the 14th century, but may have been accidently revived for a (dry?) valley or a dip in the downs (found in place names).
Clobberhead: small marine fish with the scientific name of Taurulus bubalis **
Sea Frog: small marine fish of the Blenniidae family with the scientific name of Lipophrys pholis* (colloq. from Tom Smith of Shoreham c. late 1970s)
Hamm: water meadow, allotments (OE hamm) * I think this must mean an enclosed pasture rather than a hay meadow.
Buntings: small paelomonid prawns **
Shepherd's Crown: fossil of the urchin Micraster ***, Echinocorys scutatus is the Fairy Loaf
Recent English studies of topographical place-name
generics have suggested that the coiners of names were very conscious of
the lexical content of the element and that they did not bestow lexically
inappropriate names upon topographical features. The Anglo-Saxon settlers
in England, for example, would seem to have used denu of a valley that
was long compared to its width and had moderately steep sides, whereas
valleys that were short compared to their width, sometimes bowl-shaped,
sometimes trough-like, and frequently deep for their size, were referred
to by the tern cumb, a loanword borrowed from the native British (Cole
Sussex Marble: paludina limestone ** ???
(the meaning of this word is not known: it could be the mesh of a
fishing net ??? ) *
Hastings Corporation Records 1604 records moak as the mesh of a fishing net, perhaps from the Anglo-Saxon Masc?
Clunch: **See link (click on this text)
Hurst: small hill (? meaning) Dictionary definition link
Hardhead: (the smaller of the Knapweeds) Centaurea nigra (wild flower). *
Stroud: marshy woodland (invented word by Andy Horton on 4 March 2002) OE strod
This must be from 'slant' simply meaning a slope. (I have changed my mind about the topography on this one. Not a muddy depression of the farm location.)
Chequer: Fruit of the Wild Service Tree. The public house name connection is a fallacy because the chequer symbol was almost universal as a secondary sign on alehouses/taverns/inns in the past (Janet Pennington, talk on 21 May 2004, Shoreham Society).
Heath: Gatekeeper Butterfly (now superseded and
Hedge Brown: Female Meadow Brown Butterfly (now superseded and redundant)
Wood Argus: Speckled Wood Butterfly (now superseded and redundant)
Gay: Shoreham is a film community (or was in the 20th century). Gay means gay (not homosexual) and to avoid offence and misunderstanding by Artisans, it is best to avoid the use of this word.
Notes: "We will not be druv" (This is a hand-me-down saying, but my knowledge is exiguous, so I do not know if it is significant). Actually, I do not if any of the above except for twitten, downs, rife, dishwasher, combes and buntings are ever used very often. If you are interested I can provide my sources for these words.