Electronic News Service ISSN 1464-8156
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On August 11th most eyes will glance towards the celestial bodies, as in Cornwall and parts of the English Channel the Moon will be seen to move directly in front of the Sun. If the weather is favourable, viewers in a path about 100 km (62 miles) wide will be able to see a total solar eclipse. This path is known as the “zone of totality, or annularity”. Because the Earth is rotating whilst on its journey around the Sun, while the Moon revolves around the Earth, the narrow shadow of the Moon moves rapidly from west to east (at about 3,200 k.p.h. or 2,000 m.p.h.) across the Earth.
Zone of Totality
In a 13 km (8 miles) wide band in the centre of this zone the total eclipse will occur for about 2 minutes. This will be seen first over Cornwall south of Truro from 11.10 am BST, and will move rapidly across the English Channel to fall over the French coast between le Haura and Dieppe. The centre of the eclipse track falls over Swanpool Beach in south Falmouth. A total eclipse can be seen for a shorter period over the whole of Cornwall; at Padstow the duration will be just over a minute, during which the day will be turned almost as dark as night.
Partial Solar Eclipse
A partial eclipse occurs before and after a total eclipse, and can be seen over a much larger area. In Cornwall, the Moon will start to obscure the Sun at 9.55 am BST and the partial eclipse will last for over 2 hours. In the other parts of Britain a total eclipse will not occur, and in London the best that viewers will see will be a crescent Sun at 96% coverage. This is not nearly so impressive as a total solar eclipse; the remaining sunlight will still be far too bright to see the corona.
In 1998 the weather at the beginning of August was awful with tornados filmed off Scotland. By the 11th it had cleared up.
Thank you for renewing your subscription as a member for 1999. No further Renewal Forms or Shorewatch Newsletters will be sent out to 1998 members.
However a form is available from the web site at:
Subscribers to Torpedo who wish to receive the written material on paper in the journal Glaucus and the Shorewatch Newsletter as a New Member can find the Application Form at:
New Members 1999
In chronological order, the most recent events are at the top of the page. Events
open to the public, free or for a nominal charge only are included. Most Seminars need to be booked in advance
Bay Rockpool Rambles
Leaflet from Devon Wildlife Trust Tel: 01392 279244.
The Centre covers many aspects of the coastal zone, which include coastal flora and fauna, marine and inter-tidal archaeology, coastal defence and particularly coastal instability issues.
The Whale Watch capital in Iceland is based at Husavik. Sights include Blue Whales, Humpbacks, Orca, Minkes and Sei Whales, dolphins, porpoises, plus Northern Bottle-nosed Whales.
The page for whale and dolphin spotting around Britain has not been prepared yet. If you are interested in marine wildlife, including marine mammals, and are planning a holiday in the UK, especially Scotland, it is work clicking on the image "SeaProbe" and having a look at the page:
Quay Dolphin Monitoring Group, Cardigan Bay, Wales
Porpoises and Whales of the Moray Firth
For more cetacean reports click on the Shetland logo below:
Reports of marine wildlife from all around the British Isles, with pollution incidents and conservation initiatives as they affect the flora and fauna of the NE Atlantic Ocean.
20 July 1999 ORMER UPDATE
The discovery of an Ormer, Haliotis tuberculata, on the Devon coast reported in the special Bulletin to members has now be found to be completely wrong. This was because of a mistake in identification by Andy Horton, which became apparent (Jan Light spotted it first) when the photograph can back from the processors, and then confirmed after the abalone died and even I could see, from the nacreous inside of the shell, it was blatantly not a European species of Ormer.
It has now been identified as an East African species Haliotis rugosa, Lamarck, 1822 (non Reeve, 1846). It was identified by Daniel L.Geiger, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, (thanks) from the same scanned images on the web site below.
The abalone/ormer is thought to have entered Richard's tank through the marine aquarium trade.
A Full Report is in preparation. If you want to look at the photograph of the abalone and check it out yourself and find some scanned images of a species that is not included in the popular books, go to the web page:
5 July 1999
Lion's Mane Jellyfish
Report and photograph by Wayne Curtis (Sunderland)EMail: firstname.lastname@example.org
I think it is probably the highly venomous species Cyanea lamarckii. However, it is just possible that it is the even more deadly species the Lion's Mane Jellyfish, Cyanea capillata. AH.
18 July 1999
The effects of the toxin is called Amnesic Shellfish Poisoning and the symptoms when injested by humans include memory loss, headaches, vomiting, and even death in serious cases.
29 June 1999
23 June 1999
19 June 1999
3 June 1999
Official Marine Nature Conservation Review (JNCC) Report Forms
The Marine Life Forum is for observations and discussion items. The information of interest of other readers should be EMailed to:
EMail Glaucus@hotmail.com and marked "Forum" in the title of the message.
by Espen Rekdal (Bergen) © 1999
Top of the Page
2 year part time certificate in Higher Education in Marine Biology commencing September 1999 at Nottingham University.
Meeting on Thursdays 19.00 to 22.00.
Assessment is by course work. The course carries 120 University credits (Level 1) which is the equivalent to the 1st year of a degree. There are no formal entry requirements, just an interest in the subject. The course modules will cover:
Life on the seashore
The fees are quite high since the government removed subsidies but reducable for low income earners.
Sue Daly produces a Creature Feature every month on her web site.
We had orginally planned to bring this service to our members.
However, as Sue is already producing this series, I have decided to devote
my energies to producing other information.
Featured Species: Limpets,
The BMLSS presented the Annual Photographic Exhibition to celebrate World Oceans Day on 8 June 1999.
A similar exhibition is planned for the year 2000.
This is a simple project or request to members and readers of this Bulletin. It is to take pictures of the coast when you are next down on the shore. Even general views have value, but ideally we would like photographs of the shore showing the type of rock, topography and rock pools, dominant fauna, and information that cannot be described adequately by words on the Report Cards. The name of the particular coast should be included and the grid reference, if known. Print photographs can be included in Exhibitions and on the BMLSS Web Sites and electronic publications. Electronic images in *.JPG format can also be considered for the web site. Transparency photographs are the best choice of film but these cannot be transferred to the web pages at the present time, but these will be suitable in the future.
photograph with the out of focus first of the double-flowers is really
not up to scratch.
This small wild plant is found in only two known locations on the south coast of England. This very small colony is found on the tiny (about a square metre) remnant of sand dune on Shoreham Beach, West Sussex. It is a true member of the Pink family Caryophyllaceae. It is so vulnerable to trampling that is a surprise that the plant still exists. It is inconspicuous and diffcult to estimate its numbers. Its survival may be because other plants cannot colonise its natural habitat. Rabbits may present a danger in the future.
GATEWAY: LINKS TO OTHER SITES
Marine Life Study Society Web Site has been included as an Encylopaedia
Britannica Recommended Site and included on the BBC On-line Internet
SPONSORS ARE INVITED FOR THE BMLSS WEB SITE FOR 1999
THE MINIMUM STARTING FUNDS REQUIRED FOR THE
PLANNED BMLSS 2000 SITE IS £386 PER YEAR
WEB SITE PAGE LINKS
Some of the images may not display if you have changed your directory for downloaded files.
Torpedo compiled by Andy Horton 26 July 1999
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