30 September 2019
Orb Spider, Araneus
when I got home with a web spanning the two separate Garden Privet hedges, the width of my front gate.
8 September 2019
The Crab Spider, Misumena vatia, produces silk but it does not use it for the construction of web, using it as a mooring attachment. It is an ambush predator that silently waits in the flowers until the prey appears. It grabs the prey with front legs and delivers deadly dose of venom using its slender fangs.
Spiders amongst a field of Broad Beans near Cuckoo's Corner: they were frequently seen between the cracks in the dried mud and there could be thousands of them and they looked like the ones on Mill Hill, They could be Wolf Spiders, Pardosa.
Occasional spiders were spotted crawling rapidly over the undergrowth on the lower slopes of Mill Hill, mostly small Wolf Spiders, Pardosa, but also a full sized Nursery Spider and a tiny pale Crab Spider.
My first recorded spider of the year was possibly a Wolf Spider, Pardosa, on the verges of the Waterworks Road, Old Shoreham. I did not get a good look and it could have been a Nursery Spider, Pisaura mirabilis?
The Zebra Spider, Salticus scenicus, was seen on the water trough on Mill Hill.
There is a similar species:
My first arthropod of the year was a tiny Money Spider, Linyphiidae, indoors.
Garden Orb Spider, Araneus diadematus, the first record from Mill Hill, where it was discovered on a Hardhead. There was another when I got home with a web spanning the two separate Garden Privet hedges, the width of my front gate.
Cucumber Spider, Araniella, on the woody shrubbery at the top of Chanctonbury Drive, north Shoreham.
There are two common Araniella species found: Araniella cucurbitina and Araniella opisthographa. They are hard to tell apart in the field and are often found together, expert help may be needed to be certain of correct identification between the two species. Females grow up to 8 mm, males only up to 5 mm. They are a pale yellowish green in colour and a red mark under the abdomen.
Araniella cucurbitina and A. opisthographa cannot be identified without microscopical examination of adults, and even then can present problems, especially in females. These two widespread species also cannot be separated from other Araniella species from photographs or in the field. ADULT Araniella displicata may be provisionally recognisable by their coloration, but even then many juvenile and subadult Araniella species can possess similar reddish coloration.
Examining the epigyne (at the base of the abdomen just behind the hind legs) will help separate female A. cucurbitina from A. opisthographa.
4 July 2017
The tiny web spinner Mangora acalypha was seen again on Buckingham Cutting (south) for more than one time. There was two of them hidden in the Pyramidal Orchids, and when disturbed they descended on a silken thread, and although brightly patterned their small size makes them hard to find and even harder to photograph.
7 April 2017
I could not help but notice frequent small Fox Spiders, Alopecosa, on the slopes above the ridge on Mill Hill.
Spider ID Alopecosa
Garden Orb Spiders, Araneus diadematus, spun their webs in my Shoreham front garden.
22 August 2016
A spider had made a funnel-shaped web amongst the Cotoneaster. it did not seem to be occupied by any spiders or spiderlings. It is most likely to be the home of the Labyrinth Spider, Agelena labyrinthica.
6 July 2016
sp. Tiny spider on Mill
with an egg sac on the upper southern part of Mill
Tone Killick: Pardosa species. Alopecosa do not have that pale lateral band running around the carapace.
British Spider Identification facebook
22 May 2016
Spider on the upper southern upper part of Mill Hill. I think it is a Wolf Spider, Lycosidae.
Zebra Spider, Salticus scenicus was seen on a post at the top of the southern steps on Mill Hill.
4 May 2016
20 April 2016
on the lower slopes of Mill
This could be a Pardosa Wolf Spider, one of several species.
12 April 2016
A Buzzard soared over the lower slopes of Mill Hill in the bright blue sky. Small spiders of the genus Alopecosa crawled amongst the herb growth. (These spiders could be one of at least two species.)
A small House Spider, Eratigena atrica, found indoors was my first arachnid of the year.
13 October 2015
I spotted the Easter Fox Spider Alopecosa barbipes on the lower slopes of Mill Hill. It was chanced upon crawling over the short vegetation amongst the violets.
small spider had woven silken strands amongst the
is a common and widespread species.
Location: Buckingham Cutting (south)
Location: underneath a Cherry Plum tree, on the Footpath 3138 next to Frampton's Field (SW) near the Butterfly Copse, north Shoreham.
|17 April 2015 Identification of Alopecosa cuneata and A. pulverulenta|
The first outside spider of the year was an Easter Fox Spider, Alopecosa barbipes, seen on a gravestone in St. Andrew's churchyard, Steyning.
Crab Spider, Xysticus, on Carline Thistle on Mill Hill.
Garden Orb Spider, Araneus diadematus
Harvestman Phalangium opilio at
Buckingham Cutting (south) embankment.
This is a widespread species.
It could be Mitopus morio ?
on the lower slopes of Mill Hill
It was spotted crawling over the short vegetation amongst the violets.
Zebra Spider, Salticus scenicus was seen on the green roadside box on the southern side of the Slonk Hill Cutting It had caught its supper.
A small white crab spider Misumena vatia was waiting in ambush on a purple Pyramidal Orchid on the central overgrown part of the Slonk Hill Cutting (southern path) where the Brambles were less.
Cucumber Spider, Araniella cucurbitina, on Mill Hill.
A small white crab spider Misumena vatia on Green Alkanet had ambushed and killed a Carder Bee twice its size.
A small hunting spider of the genus Pardosa (probably) was seen on a plastic cap on Mill Hill Cutting (south, amongst Ivy leaves next to the Pixie Path).
A spider Metellina segmentata, (=Meta), a common species had spun a web on a still flowering umbellifer on the verge of the Coastal-Downs Link Cyclepath south of the Toll Bridge, Old Shoreham. The umbellifer was the Common Hogweed, Heracleum sphondylium.
The Garden Orb Spiders, Araneus diadematus, were beginning to cast their webs.
By the Steyning Road in Old Shoreham (near the start of the footpath to the Waterworks Road and Mill Hill before the Field Maple tunnel) I spotted my first Wasp Spider, Argiope bruennichi, of 2009. It had spun a web over the Brambles and other vegetation.
An ambush predatory spider on a Bulbous Buttercup.
Location: Coastal Link Cyclepath, south of the Toll Bridge, Old Shoreham.
This is a Philodromus species, probably cespitum, but it is almost certainly still juvenile and in any case impossible to ID to species without adult under a microscope.
My first spider and my first moving arthropod of 2008 was a small black web-spinner in the rear smoking part of the Ship Inn, Southwick, and this was possibly Zygiella x-notata.
A small Araneus spider moulted (ecdysis) on my bicycle bell, so the spider could have come from my front garden or picked up anywhere. It was probably picked up from the southern part of the Slonk Hill Cutting.
white blob is thought to be the egg mass of the Nursery-web
mirabilis, spotted resting on the
upper parts of Gypsywort in my Shoreham front garden,
before it was disturbed and then it disappeared in the dense vegetation
before it emerged again so that I could briefly take the photographs shown
above. This species is widespread and abundant
The even more abundant Garden Orb Spider, Araneus diadematus, had already constructed a web near the Rosemary in the same garden.
Two small terrestrial arachnids gatecrashed Adur World Oceans Day 2007 on Coronation Green. One was a Zebra Spider, Salticus scenicus and the other one (illustrated on the right) and identified not as a spider but a tick.
A common species of small crab spider known as the Zebra Spider, Salticus scenicus was seen on the green roadside box on the southern side of the Slonk Hill Cutting. I did not know at the time that it had caught its supper.
Click on the image for a bigger picture.
This small spider was on Alexanders on the Slonk Hill Cutting path south.
In gardens and wasteland the common spider was the Garden Orb Spider, Araneus diadematus. (I have not yet recorded one on Mill Hill. It is hard to think they would be absent though.)
On the Mill Hill Cutting south side at the top of Chanctonbury Drive (SE of the bridge over the A27) a large Wasp Spider had weaved its web between the tall herbs. This seemed more designed to capture flies or butterflies rather than its usual observed diet of grasshoppers.
17 August 2006
The size of this funnel web on the verge of the Waterworks Road, Old Shoreham, was at least 16 cm tall and 22 cm wide. I have my suspicions that the spider Agelena labyrinthica made this web. Previous Image of Spider
A Garden Orb Spider, Araneus diadematus, in my front garden in Corbyn Crescent was big enough to capture butterflies. They are also this size amongst the long grass of Slonk Hill.
Slonk Hill south
This small web spinner was spotted on Kidney Vetch on the Buckingham Cutting. There were Small Blue Butterflies on the same group of flowers and scores of Pyramidal Orchids.
I have identified this spider as Atea sturmi. This was wrong again!
It is Neoscona adianta. Neosona adianta can be common in heathland and more or less unmanaged grasslands in the south and south east, whereas Atea (now also Araneus) sturmi is widespread, usually on evergreen shrubs in old woodland, but in my experience rarely found in any numbers.
I spotted a small spider on the strandline amongst the pebbles on Southwick beach which seemed to have a light blue abdomen (but not when photographed), and it was probably a Pardosa hunting spider, on pebbles that would be washed with the sea in winter.
This is certainly Pardosa sp. It could be P. purbeckensis, which is typically found in saltmarsh and other saline situations. Roberts does not recognise this as separate from P. agrestis, but the British checklist does. Another possibility is P. agricola a species typically found on shingle, but which in my experience is much less common than books suggest - but can be abundant where it occurs. However this group of Pardosa are a nightmare to identify, even with adults under a microscope, and quite impossible from photos. Also other Pardosa spp. can crop up in these habitats.
This very small spider hid amongst the petals of the fading Marsh Marigolds in my garden pond.
A small shiny black spider under the discarded chestnut fencing was possibly one of several species. It remained still and did not scamper off like many of the mobile species of arthropods. It looked like it was about to make a run for it though and I had to be quick with my camera.
I thought it was the Common False-widow Steatoda bipunctata
The size from the head to rear of the abdomen was roughly estimated at 7 mm
This could be a gravid Zelotes species (often found under stones, but also run on the ground, very fast!) - but can't tell from the picture. A good example of the limitations of spider id from pictures.
The colour illustrations in the guides by Michael J Roberts are made from pickled specimens and are not necessarily correct to colour for living spiders.
I just spotted a glimpse of movement out of the corner of my eye in a north Shoreham garden. I think I captured a shell (=exoskeleton) changing (ecdysis) moment.
this is probably a female Pardosa
amentata (your other picture being
the male), but it is difficult to be sure.
The spider in the picture is well camouflaged on Spotted Deadnettle, Lamium maculatum, in a north Shoreham garden.
My first tentative identification is that it is one of the wolf hunting spiders of the genus Pardosa, which are commonly found in gardens.
lycosid and Pardosa,
almost certainly Pardosa amentata.
Unfortunately you cannot reliably identify Pardosa
in the field (except possibly Pardosa nigriceps)
or from pictures, and Pardosa
should not be recorded except by microscopical examination of adult epigyne/palp.
In my garden your pictures could be Pardosa
hortensis, but this is very unusual for
a garden!! Only the early Pardosa
species are now adult, most will be a few weeks later, especially this
The spider on the right was recorded from amongst vegetation on the path through the scrub in the north-west corner of Mill Hill.
behaved like a Nursery Web Spider, Pisaura
looked slightly different. It is probably a young specimen.
Nursery Web Spiders, Pisaura mirabilis were noted on the Dovecote Bank. This common species is hardly worth a note. They are usually observed more often later in the year.
There were two small brown and white crab spiders on the green roadside box on the southern side of the Slonk Hill Cutting. This spider would fit under a 5 pence coin. I have identified them as a common species known as the Zebra Spider, Salticus scenicus.
There were small brown crab spiders seen amongst the moss and loose gravel on the Mill Hill Cutting (south-west). They were too small and evasive to photograph and I did not collect any of the handful actually seen.
The small spider photographed on the right was under the piece of discarded chestnut fencing on the on the Pixie Path, is a species in the genus Trochosa.
It is a Trochosa (carapace marking divided into three towards front and brown coloration). It looks like a subadult (overall appearance and legs don't quite look like an adult) Trochosa terricola, but Trochosa (four British species) cannot really be determined reliably from pictures or in the field.
1 January 2006
Two spiders were found inside my south Lancing house, the first in the bath a Biting Spider, Steatoda nobilis, and the second, probably a juvenile Philodromus dispar crawled up the lounge wall.
Lancing Spiders Gallery (by Ray Hamblett)
The miniature spider in the pictures on the right emerged from the small white capsule underneath the broken chestnut fence paling on the Pixie Path to Mill Hill. It did not return to where it came from. The poor quality images were because of its small size, under 10 mm (estimated) in total length.
is a species of Clubiona.
The white capsule is a silken home spun by the spider.
A male Biting Spider, Steatoda nobilis, was discovered inside my south Lancing house.
species is a juvenile Alopecosa
species, almost certainly Alopecosa
species is common and widespread on heaths, grass and cultivated land.
As usual in October, the webs of the Garden Orb Spider, Araneus diadematus, were draped on wasteland and in gardens to trap the unwary flying insects. With abundant Crane-flies it was not surprising that they became ensnared and wrapped up ready for eating as shown in the photograph above on the far right.
The spider Zygiella x-notata, the 'missing segment' spider, is again seen on the outside of a window frame of a house in The Drive, Shoreham.
The important mesh part of the web of a Garden Orb Spider, Araneus diadematus,was measured at 33 cm in diameter between Stinging Nettles on the Waterworks Road.
The yellow Orb Spider, Araneus quadratus, was spinning its deadly web. Prey included grasshoppers and moths.
colours of this spider vary, not only yellow, but brick orange, brown and
greenish specimens are seen.
I think it is Araneus quadratus rather than Araneus diadematus (four spots on abdomen, spider of tall grassland habitats, but Araneus marmoreus var. marmoreus is similar, but much less likely - usually an open woodland species and much more restricted in distribution).
27 August 2005
Three female Wasp Spiders were seen in the Chalk Pit area to the east of Lancing Ring. They were all within about 200 square metres in the Tor Grass which predominates in the open grassland.
On the Slonk Hill Cutting (south), a large (for the species at this time of the year) Garden Orb Spider, Araneus diadematus, caught a bee or hoverfly almost its own size in its web. Most of these spiders were still small, spinning their webs on wasteland and between shrubs in gardens. They will soon grow after feeding on a diet of flying insects. The cross marking on the back of this spider is diagnostic with a species variable in size and colouring and seen commonly in autumn.
first Wasp Spider
seen this year was a smallish female that had captured a Meadow Grasshopper
on the Slonk Hill Cutting and had rolled it
up in its webbing. It had been recognised before that a major part of its
prey was grasshoppers.
|8 July 2005|
There was a small web spinning spider on the road side of the Privet hedge in my front garden in Corbyn Crescent, Shoreham.
I assume this is a small and therefore a young Araneus diadematus.
Salad Burnet (foreign provenance)
Identification by Martin Askins
on British Spiders (Yahoo Group)
This is a common and widespread species
Location: Slonk Hill Cutting North
Identification by Martin Askins
on British Spiders (Yahoo Group)
There are at least nine British species of Pardosa
Location: Shoreham Garden
Spiders of Wiltshire
of the Spider
24 December 2004
The spider from the window looks like Zygiella x-notata, with the dark central patch on the carapace. It should have incomplete spirals round the web, the 'missing segment' spider. It is very common on webs across window frames, and does continue on into the new year, though most common in autumn.
PS: A snag has occurred with the identification. On 29 December 2004, the web was examined closely and found to be symmetrical without a missing segment. The identification does seem to match at least one other photograph though. The explanation may be that the missing segment does not always occur?
PS: In January 2005, the Zygiella x-notata spider was confirmed when the web was rebuilt with the missing segment.
Garden Birdwatch in Shoreham (Database)
Lancing Spiders (by Ray Hamblett)
Lower slopes of Mill Hill
the right was in the centre of a web amongst the Devil's
Bit Scabious. The web looked similar to the
one made by the Garden Orb Spider,
diadematus, but this spider was smaller
and its markings appeared different.
The spider is a female Metellina sp., a long-jawed spider. At this time of year it is probably Metellina segmentata, (=Meta), a common species.
This spider is common everywhere and abundant in many places especially seen in spring (May).
illustration on the left above is probably the same spider that ate the
butterfly below. It is spinning a web in the same place. There are webs
and spiders al over the garden and it the underside of a different spider
of the same species on the right.
Male and Female
Spiders Information Page
Spiders of NW Europe
The femaleGarden Orb Spiders, Araneus diadematus, are spinning their deadly webs in gardens and wasteland around Shoreham. In the back garden of 40 The Drive (near Buckingham Park), (TQ 219 063), the spidercaptured the Small White Butterfly which was wrapped up and moved up the web into shelter to be eaten in a few minutes, estimated to be between five and ten minutes.
spider on the lily pad it looks like Pardosa amentata, a
very common wolf spider of gardens and damp laces. It can run over the
surface of water like the Pirata species.
Butterfly Walk on Lancing Ring
(corrected by Geoff Oxford, University of York)
This is an uncommon species restricted to southern coastal districts
female Wasp Spiders,
bruennichi, with the female in the
centre of the web were seen in an area where they had not been seen before.
A formerly scarce immigrant species is now frequently seen, mostly in southern
Male and Female Wasp Spiders (Link to Images)
Adur Wasp Spiders
This spider constructed a funnel-shaped web. There was no identifiable prey to be seen. This species is Agelena labyrinthica which is a common species. Location: Slonk Hill Cutting South.
Body of the Spider
The two like feelers (where a claw would be, superficially, on a crab) are called palps."
Checklist of UK Recorded Agelenidae
Important Web Sites
Spiders of Wiltshire
of NW Europe
"A study in Great Britain estimated an average of 130.8 spiders per square metre living in a meadow."
British Arachnological Society
Checklist of British Spiders
British Spider Identification facebook
Anatomy of Spiders
Spider and Harvestman Recording Scheme
Spiders on flickr
Adur Bees, Wasps & Sawflies
Grasshoppers & Crickets
Damselflies & Dragonflies