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This is the first published Electronic Newspaper for 
Shoreham-by-Sea and District, West Sussex, England

     23 August 2000 : Volume 2  Issue 31

Local News
2/3 September 2000

at Shoreham Airport

2 August 2000
The Adur Valley eForum covering all aspects of life in the Adur Valley commences. You can join by spending a few minutes on the following site, and then you can post messages on almost anything about life in Shoreham-by-sea and the Adur Valley, including, Lancing, Sompting, Southwick, Steyning and the smaller villages in the valley. 



is to click on the link to the

logo, and register as a new member. Allow 10 minutes on-line, but the process should be much quicker. 

Then you can go to the Adur Valley page and  register to join.

The following choices will have to be made:

1)  Receive mail in a daily bulletin.

2)  Receive each EMail individually (this may result in too many EMails)

3)  Choose not to receive EMails, which means you can visit the web page to choose what subjects look interesting. You can, also, just receive a list of the subjects in a daily digest.
If the latter applies, you will have to click on the menu item Messages

4) It is also possible just to receive a daily digest of the subject headings.

These choices can be altered at a later date. They can also be altered by me, if you cannot work out how to do it. 

Please send any comments to: Andy Horton

  • Wildlife Reports
Photograph by Ray Hamblett
    Can anybody identify this insect? (to species level)

    22 August 2000
    A flinty path leads from the top of Upper Kingston Lane to Southwick Hill under which the main A27 road burrows a large tunnel which is hardly noticeable from the vantage point 121 metres above sea level. A Comma Butterfly flitted amongst the heather and nettles on the way up.  A few Clouded Yellow Butterflies would not settle, and a handful of Adonis Blues settled. Meadow Brown butterflies were frequently seen. A pretty little Small Copper Butterfly settled on some Ragwort on the path * going downhill east towards Mossy Bottom and up to New Erringham Farm and Mill Hill. It was harvest time and a pleasant sunny (22 ° C) day without the excessive humidity of late.
    An Emperor Dragonfly hawked at the top of the hedge at the junction of the road from Mill Hill to New Erringham Farm *

    Clouded Yellow (Photograph by Ray Hamblett)20 August 2000
    The immigrant Clouded Yellow Butterflies are now abundant near Shoreham Airport, with one every 6 square metres near the perimeter road (TQ 206 056) on the east side. The grass outfields are a rich tapestry of mainly Red Clover, Trifolium pratense. (Note: Zigzag Clover is a very similar plant and may also be present) and Bird's Foot Trefoil (Bacon & Eggs), Lotus corniculatus.

    Report by Ray Hamblett
    18 August 2000
    The unidentified species of butterfly of 7 August 2000 was probably an orange coloured  Wall Brown, Lasiommata megera, (It had lots of spots: I cannot think what else it could be) discovered in pairs and singly on the path from the Sussex Pad (TQ 181 064) to Lancing Clump. With its wings closed, on a small rock,  this species is very difficult to spot. 
    Butterflies of Adur
    Butterfly Conservation Society (Species List)
    A large long-abdomen strong-flying Dragonfly (probably an  Emperor Dragonfly) was on the wing, and there could have been a small fritilliary-like butterfly in the woods, that are traversed by a maze of paths. 

    Wildlife Records on the Adur eForum (you have to join)

    Wildlife Web Sites

    Dept. of Trade of Trade & Industry:  Environment
    Sites of Special Scientific Interest
    Sites of Special Scientific Interest: Protection from development from development.

    The Lancing Wildlife page has now been split into two sections: North
    Lancing/South Lancing
    LancingRing2009.htmray.hamblett/Wildlife/wildlife.htm = North Lancing
    LancingRing2009.htmray.hamblett/Wildlife/SouthLancing/Lancsth.htm = South
    I have added some pictures and notes.

    Made a return visit to The Paddocks...  notes and pictures
    15 August
    A new page featuring Lancing Beach Green and the adjacent Shingle Beach

    Comments welcome
    Ray Hamblett


    Garden Wildlife Site
    (This site contains a free database program that looks good, downloads OK, but I have not made it work yet.)

    UK Wildlife eGroups Forum

    Sussex Wildlife Web Sites

    Although crude - I've just hacked it out of my class intranet site - 
    this might be of use.

    Sussex Wildlife Trust
    For a quick introduction to habitats in Sussex, see

    For additional ideas, use the search facilities at: [wild places in 
    general] top [Sussex 
    Wildlife Trust] [local birders] [top bird sites in UK] [world birding sites]

    Abbot's Wood, Hailsham. Large plantation, mixed broadleaf and conifer, 
    with a small lake. Forest trails, one suitable for
    wheelchairs. Main car-park at Cansheath [TQ 557 072]. 

    Adur. One of the rivers cutting through the South Downs. Rises SW of 
    Horsham and flows into the English Channel at Shoreham. Sea trout, trout, and very good coarse fishing. 
    For info on whole valley, see 
    RSPB reserve on mudflats of Adur can be viewed from A259 Norfolk 
    bridge and footbridge from High Street. Best in winter.
    Widewater lagoon is artificial, see 
    Mill Hill has its own entry below.

    Amberley Wild Brooks [TQ 314]. Alluvial floodplain of Arun. Rich 
    aquatic flora and fauna. Notable for wildfowl if floods in
    winter. Sussex Wildlife Trust. Can be viewed from footpaths only. Wildbrooks
    Can walk from Amberley rail station along Wey South Path through 
    Amberley Wild Brooks to Greatham bridge and thence to
    Waltham Brooks [see below] or even Pulborough [see below].

    Ardingly Reservoir.. 198 acre coarse fishery, pike.

    Arlington. Reservoir with nature reserve. Rainbow trout. Easy walk 
    from rail station at Berwick on Lewes to Eastbourne line.

    Arun. One of the rivers cutting through the South Downs. Rises on NW 
    border of Sussex, flows past Horsham and enters
    English Channel at Littlehampton. Noted coarse-fish river. Some sea 
    trout; May to October. Goes through Arundel and
    maintains water for Amberley Wild Brooks, Pulborough Brooks and 
    Waltham Brooks [see entries below].

    Arundel. The Wildfowl & Wetlands Trust centre [TQ 020 081] near 
    Arundel Castle has a wild area as well as a captive
    collection. You have to pay to get in. Bittern and Cetti's warbler are 
    winter specialities.

    Arundel Park [TQ 02 08] has chalk downland with ancient woodland, as 
    well as recent plantations. Fine flora and insect fauna.
    Pleasant walks.

    Ashdown Forest.
    Home of Ecology Field Course [for EC students only]. To see where you 
    will be staying

    Baralavington Down [SU 965 155] south of Petworth. Chalk grassland 
    with 'hanging' wood. Access via footpaths. Close to
    Duncton Chalk Pit.

    Barcombe Mills. Quiet river walk. Car park at TQ 435 146. Can walk 
    north up Ouse. A short loop can be formed by going to
    Anchor Inn [TQ 443 160], walking west along road to TQ 441 161 and
    returning via dismantled railway.

    Barcombe Reservoir. Rainbow Trout.

    Barnes, London. Wildfowl & Wetlands Trust centre, due to open in 2000 
    is clearly already of the great bird reserves of the
    south east.

    Batt Wood, east of Mayfield. Mixed habitats and great views. There are 
    two clearly waymarked links from the road betweeen
    Mayfield and Witherenden Hill [TQ 633 265 and TQ 637 266]. Stonegate 
    railway station is less than 2 km to the east of the
    wood and is linked to Batts Wood via other public rights of way.

    Beachy Head, near Eastbourne. Dangerous cliffs, but classic bird 
    migration watchpoint. Fine chalk flora with maritime element
    such as sea beet. East of Birling Gap is a small area of chalk heath. 
    Good details at
    Ancient earthworks at Belle Tout
    Access to beach at Birling Gap [TV 554 960] and Cow Gap [TV 597 957].

    Bedgebury. Forest to east of Bewl Water. The National Pinetum at 
    Goudhurst, Kent, is considered to be the best conifer
    collection in the world by the International Dendrological Research 
    Institute [!]. But also well known for its deciduous trees and
    birds, notably crossbills.

    Bentley Wildfowl. Captive ducks etc., but quite a few wild birds. 
    Entrance on Harvey's Lane at TQ 477 162.

    Bewl Water. Largest area of freshwater in south east [770 acres], on 
    Sussex/Kent border just west of Bedgebury Forest.
    Osprey regular. Trout fishing.

    Butcher's Wood, Hassocks [TQ 304 150]. Over 7 ha of semi-natural 
    Ancient Woodland. Ideal for Hassocks railway station.
    You can hide cars nearby. Woodland Trust.

    Camber Sand Dunes. Right on top of holiday camp, but still a valuable 
    part of the Rye-Dungeness complex.

    Castle Hill National Nature Reserve [TQ 367 074] between Falmer and 
    Woodingdean. Access limited to footpath through reserve. Footpaths in area surrounding the reserve give access to other patches of chalk grassland. The whole area between Newmarket and Itford Hills is famed for its chalk flora and insects, especially butterflies [nearly 30 species] and Orthoptera [grasshoppers etc, 13 species]. Ring Ouzel regular on passage.
    Heavily used by ecologists from Sussex, e.g. 
    Traditionally visited during Ecology course.

    Chailey Common. Over 180 ha of heathland with fine views. Five commons 
    that be accessed off the A275 running north from
    Lewes and or the A272 which crosses the A275. Three are south of the 
    A272: Pound and Memorial Common and Romany
    Ridge [car parks at TQ 378 207]. Redhouse and Lane End are to the 
    north [car park off Warrs Hill Lane, near TQ 391 217].

    Chanctonbury Ring [TQ 139 121] near Findon. Small hill fort crowned 
    with beech trees.

    Chichester Harbour [SU 775 005]. Thirty thousand wading birds cannot 
    be wrong. Huge [over 1100 ha] of channels, tidal mudflats and islands.

    Church Covert, Slaugham, near Crawley [TQ 258 280]. Can leave car near 
    church. Woodland Trust information board. 

    Cissbury Ring [TQ 140 082], north of Worthing. National Trust. Chalk 
    grassland with scrub. Fine flora and good birdwatching, especially at migration times. Park at TQ 139 085.

    Costells Wood, Scaynes Hill, near Haywards Heath [TQ 366 237]. About
    21 ha of semi-natural Ancient Woodland.
    Woodland Trust information board. Leave car in Scaynes Hill.

    Cuckoo Trail. 16 km disused railway from Polegate [just west of 
    railway station] , past Hailsham, to Heathfield [TQ 579 215].

    Cuckmere. One of the rivers cutting through the South Downs. Formed by 
    two tributaries, which join at Hellingly. Reaches sea
    at Cuckmere Haven between Seaford Head and the Seven Sisters Country 
    Park [see entries for both of these]. Mainly coarse
    fish, roach, bream, chub, carp, perch, dace and pike.
    South Downs Way runs though this area

    Ditchling Beacon [TQ 331 133], north of Brighton between University 
    and Ditchling. National Trust and Sussex Wildlife Trust.
    Chalk grassland, scrub and ash woodland. Enormous views.

    Ditchling Common. Mixed habitats. Car park at TQ 336 180.

    Duncton Chalk Pit [SU 960 163], south of Petworth. Under beech 
    'hanger'. Striking flora [e.g. deadly nightshade] and rich
    insect fauna. Close to Barlavington Down [see above].

    Dungeness, Kent [TR 063 196]. Admittedly a hack to get to [bus 711 
    from Churchill square in Brighton to Lydd takes over 3
    hours], but incredible shingle site including RSPB reserve.
    The reserve entrance is at Boulderwall Farm about halfway between Lydd and 
    Birdwatchers should check details at

    Ferry Field. Viewable reserve at Pagham. Field

    Fore Wood [TQ 756 126], Crowhurst north of Hastings. RSPB reserve, 
    very close to Crowhurst station. Can leave cars opposite church. Lovely wood.

    Footland Wood, Vinehall Street, near Battle. Mixed plantation. 
    Car-parking off B2089 at TQ 764 202. Bus No 4
    (Hastings-Maidstone) goes past. 

    Forest Way. 15 km of disused railway running from East Grinstead to 
    Groombridge where links to Sussex border path. The main access point is from Forest Row where it is easy to park. There 
    is also a small layby at Ham Bridge [TQ 364 369] near

    Friston Forest, between Seaford and Eastbourne [TV 526 996]. Good 
    birdwatching site. Car park at TQ 518 003 has marked trails. Forest rides attract butterflies and include variety of flowering plants. 

    Highdown Hill, west of Worthing. Open access, National Trust. Car park 
    at TQ 098 043.

    Hope Gap, near Seaford. Traditionally visited during Ecology course.

    Iping Common, west of Midhurst. Adjacent to Stedham Common. Heathland. 
    Car park at SU 853 220.

    Kingley Vale National Nature Reserve [SU 824 088], northwest of 
    Chichester. Valley with chalk grassland and best yew
    woodland in Europe. Amazing flora, excellent butterflies [34 species] 
    and good birdwatching [hawfinches breed]. For yew, see

    Lancing Ring

    Friends of Lancing Ring

    Levin Down [SU 888 131], north of east Chichester. Chalk grassland with juniper scrub.

    Lullington Heath National Nature Reserve [TQ 545 018] between Lewes 
    and Eastbourne. Chalk heath with mixture of chalk
    flora with calcifuge species. Nightingales. Access restricted to 
    Site of some of Libby John's research

    Malling Down, Lewes. Sussex Wildlife Trust. Chalk grassland, flowers & 
    butterflies. Long barrow and tumuli. Footpath to Mount Caburn [see below]. Down

    Markstakes Common, South Chailey. Woodland with footpaths off 
    Markstakes Lane which runs east off A275. Best path
    strikes southwest from TQ 399 184.

    The Mens, between Petworth and Billingshurst [TQ 023 237]. Glorious 
    ancient woodland. Mens

    Mill Hill [TQ 212 067], Old Shoreham. Chalk grassland overlooking Adur.

    Mount Caburn National Nature Reserve east of Lewes . Open access. Hill 
    fort on chalk grassland with some scrub. Noted for sweetbriar, a rare rose. Connected by footpath to Malling Down [see above].
    For excavations at hillfort, see

    Newhaven. Breakwater at TV 447 999. Can see various seabirds. Walk to 
    Saltdean passes large Kittiwake colony and likely to see Fulmar andPeregrine. Walking on rocky shore is DANGEROUS and advise footpaths on cliff tops.

    Old Lodge [TQ 460 302]. Sussex Wildlife Trust reserve on Ashdown
    Forest. Lodge

    Ouse. One of the rivers cutting through the downs. Rises south-east of 
    Horsham, passing through Lewes on its way to the sea at Newhaven. Tidal from mouth to about 6 km upstream of Lewes. Notable for run of big sea trout. The walk between Lewes and Newhaven is easy and well served by public transport.

    Nap Wood [TQ 583 327]. Sussex Wildlife Trust. Traditionally visited 
    during Ecology course. Wood

    Pagham Harbour [SZ 857 965]. Tidal saltmarsh, shingle. 
    Birdwatchers should check details at
    Pictures at
    Sussex Wildlife Trust Reserve Field
    Friends of Pagham Harbour

    Park Wood, Hellingly, north of Hailsham. Bluebell wood [TQ 593 127]. 
    Wonderful fungi in autumn.

    Powdermill Water, Sedlescombe. 52 acres. Brown & rainbow trout.

    Powdermill Wood, south west of Battle [TQ 735 145]. Wet alder 
    woodland. Car park off B2095. Wood

    Pulborough Brooks RSPB reserve in Arun Valley. Has cycle facilities 
    and binocular hire. Charges for non-RSPB members [October 1999 these were adult £3.50, child £1, concession £2.50, 
    family £7].
    Visitor centre open daily 10 am to 5 pm. 
    3 km from rail station at Pulborough. Hourly bus [number 100], except
    Sundays and Bank Holidays between Pulborough Station and Steyning. Ask to get off at Wiggonholt. More adventurously, two footpaths run from Pulborough: TQ 053 186 [car park] and TQ 062 184 [entrance to Brook Gate farm].
    Alternatively, walk from Amberley rail station through Amberley Wild 
    Brooks [see entry above] to Greatham bridge and Waltham Brooks [see below]. From there can retreat east along minor road until reach path to Pulborough.
    Birdwatchers should check details at [click 
    on bird sites].
    For more information and details of RSPB reserves elsewhere, see

    Saddlescombe Chalk Pit [TQ 268 122], northwest of Brighton. Chalk 
    flora and juniper scrub.

    St. Leonard's Forest. Large plantations conceal three small reserves.
    Sheepwash Ghyll (TQ 215 304, Ghyll woodland and stream), Mick's Cross 
    (TQ 208 299, Beech pollards and heath) and Lily
    Beds (TQ 212 308, Lily-of-the-Valley). Leonards 

    Seaford Head. Chalk cliffs. Fine flora. Fine Kittiwake colony at 
    extreme west of cliffs, viewable from end of promenade. From
    rail station, move south to sea.

    Selwybn's Wood, Cross in Hand South of Cross-in-Hand. Off A265 [TQ 552 
    206]. Wood

    Seven Sisters Country Park [TV 51 99], between Seaford and Eastbourne. 
    Car park off A259 to east of river. Varied flora from saltmarsh to fine chalk grassland. Good for all-round natural history.

    Shoreham. See entries for Adur and Mill Hill. The shingle beaches are 
    more interesting than they look,

    Stedham Common, Midhurst [SU 856 218]. Adjacent to Iping Common. 
    Heathland. Use car park at SU 853 220 and cross
    minor road.

    Rivers. See entries for Arun, Adur, Ouse and Cuckmere [west to east].

    Rye Harbour. Mixed habitats including shingle and saltmarsh. Has own 
    Easily reached by public transport, despite distance from campus:
    Forms part of the Rye Bay complex This includes one of 
    David's study sites and the Sussex Wildlife Trust reserve at Pett Pools Pools
    Birdwatchers should check details at

    Saddlescombe Chalk Pit, NW of Brighton. Chalk grassland with Junpier 
    bushes. Sussex Wildlife Trust.

    Sullington Warren, Storrington. Open access National Trust. TQ 095 

    Vanguard Way. From Seaford railway station to Cuckmere Haven [see 
    entries] is an interesting walk.

    Waltham Brooks [TQ 025 158], southwest of Pulborough. Sussex Wildlife 
    Trust. Access from footpaths only. Leave car at Greatham Bridge [around TQ 030 163] on minor road between A29 and Storrington. If using public transport, walk from Amberley rail station through Amberley Wild Brooks [see entry above] 
    to Greatham bridge. From Waltham Brooks can retreat east along minor road until reach path to Pulborough [see entry above]. Brooks 

    Washington Warren, Washington. Open access National Trust.

    Weirwood Reservoir. Trout fishing. Good birdwatching from hide and 
    viewing area off Legsheath Lane at south west of the
    reservoir. Reserve lane leaves road at about TQ 388 342. Sussex border 
    path runs just to north of reservoir giving intermittent

    West Park, Uckfield. Small but interesting. Martyn Stenning [4B14] is 
    involved with this local reserve. Entry through Batchelor Way off the B2102 immediately after the turn off from the A22 [TQ 464 210].

    William's Wood, Warninglid, near Horsham [TQ 239 263]. A small(4.0 ha) 
    area of semi-natural Ancient Woodland in a well wooded area. Woodland Trust.

    Woods. More details of more woods at the following sites
    East Sussex

    Woods Mill, south of Henfield [TQ 218 137]. Small but genuinely 
    interesting area of woodland and wet bits. HQ of Sussex
    Wildlife Trust. Excellent information centre.

    Dr David Harper
    School of Biological Sciences
    University of Sussex, Brighton BN1 9QG

    Mapmate for Biological Recording

    MapMate provides for all of your recording needs in a single application, 
    Capacity in excess of 10 Million Records, 
    Rapid and easy to use data entry with a host of built in features to assist your recording like: 'early and late dates' or 'any recent records for this species', 
    Built in sharing of data between MapMate users, 
    Automatic creation of Distribution Maps and Atlases directly from your data, 
    Distribution maps automatically up-date as you enter data - no need to keep re-making them! 
    Maps for all GB counties included.  Ireland and Channel Islands being added at the moment, 
    Built in queries and reports - plus we will customise or create any new reports for nothing...just email your exact requirements, 
    Copy and Paste presentation quality maps and tables into other Windows applications.

    Fishbase (Fishes of the World)
    Fish List (British Marine)

    British Naturalists' Association (link)

    Find the Sites of Special Scientific Interest using this link:
    Friends of the Earth SSSI Navigator


    Words of the Week

    gamut   n. LME. [Contr. of med.L gamma ut, f. GAMMA name of the symbol (not included) (repr. in the Middle Ages a note one tone lower than A) + UT first of the six notes forming a hexachord.] I Mus. 1 Hist. The lowest note on the medieval sequence of hexachords, equal to modern G on the lowest line of the bass stave. LME. 2 Hist. A large scale (ascribed to Guido d'Arezzo), formed of seven hexachords or partial scales, and containing all the recognized notes used in medieval music. L15. 3 The full range of notes which a voice or instrument can produce. M17. 4 The major diatonic scale; the scale recognized by any particular people or in any period. E18. 

    II 5 transf. & fig. The whole range or scope of something. E17. 
    5 C. BEATON Her resonant voice covers the gamut from an emphatic whisper to an almost Rabelaisian roar.

    Rabelaisian   a. & n. E19. [f. Rabelais (see below) + -IAN.] A adj. Pertaining to, characteristic of, or resembling the French satirist François Rabelais (c1494-1553) or his writing; marked by exuberant imagination and language, coarse humour, and satire. E19. B n. An admirer or student of Rabelais or his writing. L19.Rabelaisianism n. the characteristic style or attitude of Rabelais; a Rabelaisian feature or characteristic: L19. Rabelaism  n. Rabelaisianism E19.

    Excerpted from The Oxford Interactive Encyclopedia
    Developed by The Learning Company, Inc. Copyright (c) 1997 TLC Properties Inc. 

    Computer Tips

    The upsurge of EForums on all subjects (a few have been recommended before in these bulletins) are an important way in which the Internet will change the world. 

    Smart Groups Forums

  • Star:  Latest Virus Information 

  • Poem of the Week
    On the Grasshopper and Cricket 

    The poetry of earth is never dead: 
    When all the birds are faint with the hot sun, 
    And hide in cooling rees, a voice will run 
    From hedge to hedge about the new-mown mead -- 
    That is the Grasshopper's. He takes the lead 
    In summer luxury; he has never done 
    With his delights, for when tired out with fun 
    He rests at ease beneath some pleasant weed. 
    The poetry of earth is ceasing never: 
    On a lone winter evening, when the frost 
    Has wrought a silence, from the stove there shrills 
    The Cricket's song, in warmth increasing ever
    And seems to one in drowsiness half lost,
    The Grasshopper's among some grassy hills.

    Poem supplied by Ray Hamblett 

  •  Sussex Web Sites 

  •  Historical Snippets



    Passenger air services in operation from Shoreham Airport to Jersey, Birmingham and Liverpool. The railway station serving the airport was originally called Bungalow Town Halt (opened 1910), but renamed Shoreham Airport Station (in 1935), the first station to serve an airport in England, in 1930.

    Brief History of Shoreham-by-Sea

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