If the grid references are not given they could be found on the
Wildlife database on the Adur
by Andy Horton from personal observation unless
the grass underneath a pine tree
immediately next to the twitten between Ravensbourne
Avenue and Buckingham Park, this white mushroom had the texture and was
the same size as closed cup commercial mushroom, Agaricus bisporus.
Alas, its gills were much paler, a greyish white.
be on the safe side, I avoid all mushrooms with white gills! The stem was
relatively short and invisible until its was examined closely.
think this species is most likely to be Leucoagaricus
brightly coloured hoverfly, which stood out very clearly from the grasses
on Malthouse Meadow, Sompting, was discovered to be the species Xanthogramma
first Ringlet Butterfly of
2004 is seen in my Shermanbury
First Butterfly Dates 2003-2004
Butterflies Flight Times
was a Burnet Moth with
a striking blue striped abdomen flying between the thistles
in the narrow field next
to the stream by the Steyning Road (TQ
209 068). This was originally thought to be
the Narrow-bordered Five-Spot Burnet Moth,
However, it it was perhaps
even more likely to be a late flyer of the Five-Spot
Burnet Moth, Zygaena
trifolii ssp. palustrella.
from Trevor Boyd on UK Leps
different species of butterflies and two
species of damselflies/dragonflies appeared
in a Fresh Breeze (Force
5) which was not inimical to insect watching.
hoverfly Myathropa florea was identified
in the Butterfly
Copse (TQ 209 063) near
the Waterworks Road, Old Shoreham.
young Peregrine Falcons
were flying around the perches near their nestbox on Shoreham Harbour Power
station chimney. These were birds raised this year.
by Peter Talbot-Elsden
saw my first Comma Butterfly
of the year in the area I have christened the Slonk
Hill South Trail (western, the Buckingham Road end) where there was
a profusion of Pyramidal Orchids
a hundred fresh Marbled Whites
were the most prevalent butterflies in the
long grass meadows south-east of Lancing Clump.
A handful of Skippers
were with them with Meadow Browns
and Common Blue Butterflies.
vestalis, were identified by their large
size and other features.
Tortoiseshell Butterflies were widespread
in ones and two over wasteland like the cyclepath
and towpaths near Old Shoreham Toll Bridge
and a few on the meadows near Lancing Clump.
Town & Gardens
fine weather has comprehensively come to an end with Fresh Gale Force
8 south-westerly winds gusting to Strong Gale Force 9. The maximum
wind speed on Shoreham Beach was recorded at 60 mph (Storm Force 10)
the southern embankment of the A27
Shoreham By-pass, near the Buckingham Park
end, there were a pair of amorous skippers, but I was unable to confirm
if they were
which they appeared like, or the very similar Large
were two Common Blue Damselflies, Enallagma
cyathigerum, in the long grasses. This
was the first positive record of these damselflies on these Nature
Notes pages. They have been photographed in Lancing before though.
Damselflies and Dragonflies
the long grasses and wild flowers in the north-east corner of Mill
Hill, my first Large Skipper
of 2004 put in
an appearance. I thought it was a Small Skipper
at first, until it opened up its wings.
Butterfly List 2004
the lower slopes this short red organism was
initially a mystery to me (picture above right). It was discovered to be
a plant gall Robin's Pin Cushion
created by groups of larvae of the Gall Wasp, Diplolepis rosae.
is the bumblebee mimic Volucella
bombylans var. bombylans seen
hovering around in the field
next to the stream between the Steyning Road (A283)
the Waterworks (TQ
of the possible (not confirmed) Giant Hogweed,
mantegazzianum, in this area. This huge plant exudes a sap which
can cause severe and untreatable dermatitis.
an overcast breezy day with showers and rumblings of thunder, it was the
Orchids that had taken over from Spotted
Orchids as the most noticeable and fresh
on the southern bank of the A27 Shoreham By-pass
(Buckingham to Slonk Hill South) and the only
in flight were a couple of Meadow Browns.
Orchids (CD-ROM only)
was one Burnet Moth caterpillar crawling up the stalk of a
Bird's Foot Trefoil plant. The
image has been rotated clockwise to make for easier viewing and can be
clicked on for a larger image.
Images (CD-ROM only)
Burnet Moths (Adur)
crawling over the Dogwood on Lancing Clump is one of the Burnet
moth larva, but which one, the 6-spot,
Caterpillars (including image)
Bufo bufo, has appeared
in my south Lancing
garden, (TQ 186 044. The
Toad was caught in the small pond (just over a square metre) by Katherine
Hamblett (9) and her friend Tacita French
during a pond dipping session to my slight consternation to them stirring
up the mud and leaving the aquatic flora looking a little dishevelled!
There are also about 5 adult looking Common Frogs sharing the pond.
One small juvenile Frog was found.
There has been at least 17 continuous days of dry and hot weather without
by Ray Hamblett
to my astonishment, an early (one week early) Marbled
White Butterfly settled on a patch of
grass immediately in front of me on the lower
slopes of Mill Hill (at the northern
end as the path leaves the open into the Hawthorn scrub).
First Butterfly Dates 2004
an almost cloudless blue sky, the air temperature reached 28.8 ºC
in the early afternoon.
Notes only occasionally feature bird photographs (more often because
of the limitations of the photographic equipment than any other reason).
Tit in the image on the right was visiting
a feeder in a Southwick garden. The picture was taken by Peter
Baxter using a Pentax
Digibino (digital camera with binoculars) and it is better than I can
achieve using my digital camera. The photograph has been optimised (compressed),
slightly cropped and reduced in size for this web page.
saw about half-a-dozen brand-new Large
Skippers at Golding Barn, near Upper
Hill, I briefly spotted a butterfly I
did not recognise. It
disappeared amongst the long grass and scrub. Dropwort
was creating white patches over the lower slopes.
underestimated the number of Small Blue
Butterflies on the road embankment on
Hill South as I was not looking in the prime spot where the Kidney
Vetch grows mostly on the A27
By-pass roadside at the bottom of the steep crumbly slope, whereas I usually
approach from the boundary copse on the south side. A further twenty of
these butterflies were seen in different areas from where they were previously
recorded. The first Small Skipper*
of the year nectared on Kidney Vetch.
(* Only a fleeting side view was obtained, so this is not a confirmed record.
in 2005 rather suggest that is likely to be a Large Skipper.)
total of ten different species
of butterfly were seen on the day.
First Butterfly Dates 2004
Butterfly List 2004
a Shoreham garden there was a hoverfly
Swan with eight cygnets were seen on the
Green at low tide in the rivulet
between the mud banks on either side.
the hundreds of Spotted Orchids,
and at least eight Small Blue Butterflies,
saw my first Meadow Brown Butterfly
of 2004, which
was restless and settled with its wings closed, on the A27
road embankment at Slonk Hill South. There was
also a Red Admiral
in flight and on the wooded path there were two Speckled
Wood Butterflies, at least two Small
White Butterflies, and a Green-veined
White Butterfly fluttered past.
local wildlife talk by Andy
Horton for the Shoreham Society was held
at St. Peter's Church, West Street, Shoreham-by-Sea.
Blue Butterflies were not evenly distributed
along the bank. In the second opening, only one was seen, but on the same
longitude as Buckingham Barn where Kidney
Vetch and Pyramidal
Orchids are in flower, there was a count
of 12 and almost certainly 20 of these tiny butterflies in view, with many
more hidden. It was in this roadside area that I was amazed by the bright
colours of my first Clouded Yellow Butterfly
of the year, the black edges on bright yellow to the upperside of the wings
clear in flight and the underside with a heavy greenish tinge. (This is
the earliest report of a Clouded Yellow
on these Nature Notes pages, the previous earliest being on 29
there were twelve different
species of butterflies on the day.
estimated 30 to 50 Small
Blue Butterflies were seen on the southern
road embankment, south-east of Mill Hill in the mid-afternoon. The is the
first definite record for Mill Hill and increases the sightings
list to 26 species, plus one probable.
Report and Photographs
surprised me with an acrobatic U-shaped jump as it bounded away from the
wooden shed (used to store horse feed) in the horse's field immediately
to the west of the entrance of the Waterworks House, Old Shoreham (at the
foot of Mill Hill). This area has been
known to provide a habitat for Stoats
but this is still the first record since these Nature Notes pages were
started in 1998.
the Waterworks Road (Old Shoreham) there
was one Small White Butterfly,
one Small Tortoiseshell Butterfly
and one Red Admiral Butterfly amongst
the Stinging Nettles. In the Butterfly Copse
(TQ 209 063), there was one Speckled
Wood Butterfly. On the cyclepath
north of the Toll
Bridge, just one faded Painted
Lady Butterfly was seen in a brief visit.
were over a metre high in the
narrow field next to the stream by the Steyning Road (TQ
209 068) and the dull brown-orange dragonfly
and looked larger and flightier than a damselfly and it was an early Ruddy
Darter* (originally misidentified as a Common Darter).
is a very early date for the emergence of this dragonfly, but it was photographed.
point is the all-black legs without a trace of ochre/yellow found on the
Dragonfly Flight Times
elegans, emerged from the garden pond
at The Drive, Shoreham. Another one was seen flying around the multiple
flowers in the garden.
first Red Admiral Butterfly
for 2004 in the Adur area and lower valley is seen in north Sompting on
a hot sunny day when the air temperature reached
Report (with photographs)
Damselflies and Dragonflies
June 2004, 14-17 June 2004
Valley Biodiversity Exhibition 2004
Civic Centre Foyer, Ham Road, Shoreham-by-Sea
an exhibition of colour photographs of the fascinating wildlife of the
Adur Valley in this two week long exhibition in the foyer of the Council
offices; including Butterflies and Food
Plants of Mill Hill (by
Horton), Vegetated Shingle and Widewater
Lagoon (by David
and Marion Wood) and Wildlife of Lancing
first positive Wall
Brown Butterfly of the year in the lower
Adur valley was seen on the path between the Waterworks
Road (Old Shoreham) and Mill Hill (south of the A27
Shoreham by-pass). It flew strongly and it
was tricky to confirm the identification and even more tricky to photograph.
It is probably the second one of the year, but the
first a fortnight ago in Beeding was not confirmed.
white butterfly was flying strongly over the southern part of the upper
slopes of Mill Hill. This was definitely
identified as a Green-veined White Butterfly
which increases the confirmed New Millennium Mill
Hill butterfly list at 25 plus two probables.
often this butterfly will land on paths and walls
(see ID notes)
on the lower slopes of Mill Hill, the Horseshoe
Vetch had ceased its main flowering and could
be seen on the ground, but the spectacular bloom of a fortnight before
that could be seen from half a mile away had now receded to a green expanse.
Blue butterflies were immediately noticeable. On the normal transect walking
the distance of the path to the copse and back, 28
Blue Butterflies were counted as positive
single butterfly sightings (24 males,
indeterminate) with only one Dingy
Skipper settling although there could
have been more. All three definite females were the conventional chocolate
brown colour. The midday visit also yielded an estimated 50
prominent and Bird's Foot Trefoil
was noticed although but nowhere equalling the remaining Horseshoe
Vetch in flower.
I had my doubts over the ID. I have been advised that the black veining
that extends on to the wing is characteristic of the Adonis Blue, but I
cannot say I have seen this all that often.
say these were Adonis for two reasons. The first is the lines running across
the white wing margins to the very edge of the wings. This can even be
seen on the female underside. The second is the relative size of the body
to the wings.
Butterfly List 2004
Butterflies Flight Times
First Butterfly Dates 2004
was one of the leaders in the United Kingdom when it presented an Exhibition
celebrating the official World Oceans Day. It was
held in the large marquee on
Green overlooking the River
the attendance on a sunny day (21.4° C)
at 3,500 (estimates of attendances at other events have been overstated).
the sheer number of people (a continuous procession without a break for
seven hours) it made it impossible to speak to people as much as I would
like. There were lots of interesting conversations and I was surprised
about the number of people who stepped on a Weever
Fish last summer, at least half a dozen, and it was lucky we had
a small specimen on display so people could have a look at the offender.
most interesting discovery was an unidentified fossil found on Shoreham
beach and brought in by a young girl. This is illustrated on the right
fossil is part of a test (internal shell) of a sea urchin formed about
85 million years ago. The long spines have broken off leaving the base
only. The exact species has not been established yet.
World Oceans Day 2004 Image Portfolio (by Ray Hamblett)
pairs of Adonis
are observed on the lower slopes of Mill
by Brianne Reeve (on 11 June 2004)
green shoots of Glasswort,
appeared above the River Adur mud by Coronation
Green (by the footbridge in the centre of Shoreham), the first time
that this flowering plant has been seen there although it has colonised
the mud banks on the southern side of the river. This was first pointed
out to me by Melanie Blunden.
foot long (30 cm) pencil thin snake with a forked tongue was reported from
a garden on the edge of Widewater Lagoon.
It was an Atlantic Eel,
30 minute spell of push-netting for shrimps
off Shoreham beach on the low spring tide produced
two dozen Brown Shrimps, Crangon
crangon, a handful of the South-clawed
Hermit Crab, Diogenes pugilator,
one young venomous Lesser Weever,
two juvenile Grey
Swimming Crabs, Liocarcinus
vernalis, with 30+ young Flounders
and two young Sole.
The crab in the photograph with the "fleur-de lis" is Portumnus latipes.
at Low Tide
Marine Life Study Society
and Katherine Hamblett discovered a large
squinado, on the sand and rock beach opposite Brooklands at the
edge of the sea in a dip on a low spring tide.
usual fare of Shore Crabs, Carcinus
maenas, and Snakelocks
Anemone, Anemonia viridis, were
present, at least two Butterfish,
gunnellus, between the tides
and exceptionally, the rarer Pimplet Anemone,
balli, is at its most eastern point of distribution up the English
Channel at Worthing. At least two small grey specimens of the Daisy
pedunculatus, were also discovered and there were probably many
more. This species is not normally recorded on the shore at Worthing.
Anemones of Sussex
Hill 2004 (with new map)
of Mill Hill
Hill News Reports 2004
Valley Biodiversity Network (forum)
Aerial Photograph of the Adur Levels and Downs
NATURE NOTES 2000