Reserve is defined in Section 15 of the National Parks and Access
to the Countryside Act 1949, as land managed for the purpose:
of providing, under suitable conditions and control, special opportunities
for the study of, and research into, matters relating to the flora and
fauna of Great Britain and the physical conditions in which they live,
and for the study of geological and physiographical features of special
interest in the area; or
of preserving flora, fauna, or geological or physiographical features of
special interest in the area; or for both these purposes.’
Resource for Schools
Adur Project: a documentary for schools
on the button above to go to the web page to download the Powerpoint presentation
most unexpected discovery was a Small Tortoiseshell
Butterfly asleep on my bedroom wall. Without
my spectacles on I thought it must have been a spider
and I gave it a nudge. Sleepily, I cupped it in my hand as I did not recognise
it as a butterfly
at first. It was after I recognised what it was, I took the butterfly to
my small empty plastic aquarium tank in my bathroom. Then the butterfly
came to life and flew around the light bulb. I caught it again and by midday
the butterfly is resting with its wings closed in the small aquarium. It
looked worn but it did not appear to have any obvious damage.
Harbour Arm, Shoreham
by Mark Bond
fresh male Long-tailed Blue Butterfly
visited the large clump of Ivy outside
Shoreham Cement Works, Upper Beeding (TQ
199 086) between 11.35
am and 11.45 am. It then flew east, back over
the fence into the Everlasting Peas
within the Cement Works. This was the first
record of this immigrant butterfly on these Nature
Roll Rim, Paxillus
involutus, mushroom was discovered
in Shoreham by me for the first time.
managed to see the head of the Common Seal
in the Shoreham Harbour entrance as it surfaced briefly three times too
far away for a photograph. It spent most of its time underwater and it
was frustrating to find out where it would surface.
Seal was seen in the filled lock gates
at the entrance to the canal section of Shoreham Harbour.
was subsequently seen resting on a pontoon in the middle of the canal.
by Ashley Paul Richards (Link)
the north-west corner of Frampton's Field, Old Shoreham, it was possible
to fight my way through the Brambles on
the route of the old footpath to Mill Hill on to an area which I have names
Hill Cutting (SW) where in an area of about twenty square metres of
bare chalk bank covered with clumps of Horseshoe Vetch, Cotoneaster
and the leaves of Mouse-eared Hawkweed, there was a fabulous showing of
too many Chalkhill
count accurately as I lost count at thirty, but estimated to be forty including
ten females (I
gave up counting these at seven) plus occasional Common
both genders to confuse the count.
count extrapolates to 800 Chalkhill
per acre which is the maximum density expected in a good year (but not
seen on Mill Hill
Most of the Chalkhill
were rather worn and tattered with a few with just minor damage. The pairs
were courting and the females
were laying eggs. There were also frequent Silver
of eighteen species
were out in the sunshine on Mill Hill.
They were everywhere but the numbers were less than a week
Blues (74 per acre) now exceeded the Chalkhill
55) on the lower slopes.
Yellows flew continuously over the lower
slopes and I never saw either of them settle, not even once. There were
frequent female Common Blues,
but I could not find a Brown
Swan was discovered seriously ill on Brooklands
Boating Lake and struggling to stay afloat. It was rescued by Wadars
and put in the Animal
Ambulance. The Environmental
Agency have confirmed the existence of
alga (cyanobacteria) which produces toxins
capable of causing the illness.
fluttered around the parched lower slopes of Mill
Hill. Seventeen species were seen on a
sunny day, all but two on the downs. Chalkhill
were out in force with over two hundred seen. Both Gatekeepers
were everywhere with estimated numbers at about a hundred an acre for each.
However, the highlight of the day was a Dark
Green Fritillary restlessly patrolling
over the lower slopes by the bottom wayward hedge. It was joined by a bright
Yellow. The first of a handful of male
second brood Adonis Blues
were also spotted.
were courting and three species were seen in mating sequences: Common
and Chalkhill Blues.
About ten Marbled Whites
were still in flight. Bright colour was also provided by fresh specimens
of a Painted Lady,
a Peacock Butterfly
and a Red Admiral.
Hill Report (with images)
were far too many to count
on the outskirts of town and Mill
Hill in the humid warm sunshine.
I did attempt to count the Chalkhill Blues
on the one acre transect
on Mill Hill and it came to eighty of the blue
males and no females
noted. There was a big surprise with my first ever definite Dark
Green Fritillary in Shoreham, flying very
strongly over the southern part of Mill Hill, over the Ragwort
without settling. Altogether, I managed to
spot twenty different species of butterfly with sixteen of these on Mill
Hill. This was my second highest species tally ever in about an hour and
half of butterfly watching. Gatekeepers
were probably the most numerous and common amongst the scrub and hedgerows.
Speckled Woods, Holly
Whites, Large Whites, were all frequently
seen and there were at least dozen each of the brilliant Peacocks
male Common Blues.
the shade of the trees at the top of The Drive, north Shoreham, I noted
my first two of impressive hoverfly Volucella
zonaria this year.
List for the Day
fluttered over the lower slopes of Mill Hill
In some places, I thought I would tread on the butterflies with an estimated
350+ Chalkhill Blues
on the parched down. There was as many Meadow
actual acre transect count of Chalkhill Blues
78, M76 F2, but I arrived too early and lots more appeared from the short
dense vegetation as the sun came out.) Eleven butterfly
species were seen in just over an hour.
clouds looked very strange at dusk (8:52 pm)
over Lancing and a similar
view was seen from Hollingbury, Brighton.
think these must be unusual high altitude clouds of the cirrus type
of Cloud Types (Wikipedia)
the early evening one Bluefire Jellyfish, Cyanea
lamarkii, was discovered washed up on the shore on Lancing
Beach. Other specimens of this stinging jellyfish were seen in the
shallow water. This jellyfish
has not been recorded on the shore locally in my records and the species
is usually associated off the western coasts of Britain although there
have been North Sea
& Photograph by Carol Thomson
the warm day, (but cooler than all the last week)
I took the opportunity to make a leisurely visit to Mill
Hill. 28 male Chalkhill Blue Butterflies
were counted on the transect acre
in the intermittent sunshine on the parched down. Butterflies
were common with over one hundred of sixteen species seen in an hour.
The most spectacular were the bright orange Comma
Butterflies and bright fresh red Peacock
everywhere on the outskirts and downs.
fifty Six-spotted Burnet Moths visited
the purple flowers of the Knapweeds.
Last and certainly least, I spotted an immigrant Painted
Lady on the abundant Ragwort
on the southern part of Mill Hill.
Butterfly Report (graphical)
Hill transect produced my first Chalkhill
Blue (1) and Gatekeeper
(11) of the season, plus 2 very worn Adonis
Blue, 2 Large
Skipper, 13 Marbled
White, 27 Meadow
1 Red Admiral,
16 Small Heath,
1 Small Tortoiseshell,
of the day was my first ever confirmed Dark
Green Fritillary at the foot of Anchor
Bottom (near Dacre Gardens). It was one of two or three of this large
and very strong-flying butterfly. Further east along Anchor Bottom, there
was at least one, probably two, very faded Painted
Ladies by the pair of Elderflower
trees. A Marbled White rose
from the shade of the largest tree. Thirteen
species of butterfly were seen in two hours (mostly cycling) from the middle
of the day.
Butterflies: First Dates
the warmest day of the year (26.4 °C),
my first Meadow
Butterflies of the year, with the first
day-flying Narrow-bordered Five-spot
Burnet Moth and probably the first Ringlet
Butterfly were seen over the verges of
the Downs Link Cyclepath
100 metres south of the Cement Works. There was also a bright orange butterfly
that was not recognised to species.
Butterflies: First Dates
Seal was reported from Lancing
Beach by Widewater.
a humid day, eight species of butterfly
were seen in an hour including my first Marbled
White of the year and still occasional
fresh Adonis Blues and
Tortoiseshells on Mill
Butterflies: First Dates
were treated to a display of aerial combat by three resident Peregrine
Falcons, a mother and her two fledglings,
at Shoreham Harbour Power Station. That was pretty
amazing. However the best part was when one of the fledglings landed on
a low corrugated iron roof to recuperate, within a few feet of us. I managed
to get a few shots on my 200 mm lens before returning to the job in hand.
A very special moment indeed.
a rather dull day, I spotted my first immigrant Clouded
Yellow Butterfly for several years on
the lower slopes of Mill Hill. It
flew away rapidly.
June 2013 - 1 July 2013
Adur Project: documentary for schools
Resource Package for Schools
on the button above to go to the web page to download the Powerpoint presentation.
Adur World Oceans
was one of the UK leaders in presenting the fourteenth environmental exhibition
Oceans Day on Coronation
Nevell of the British
Marine Life Study Society presented the usual exhibition of
The Friends of Shoreham Beach (FOSB)
took an active role with their display of the wonders of Shoreham
Beach. Wildlife writer Steve
Savage presented the whale
and dolphin exhibition with the life sized replica of a Bottle-nosed
Hills on behalf of the Sussex
Wildlife Trust produced an interactive
display on the sea and seashore for the younger age group. David
and Marion Wood produced a presentation about
Lagoon (brackish lagoon) LNR. Exhibitors were able to find the time
to answer questions about marine life.
participants included Southwick
Camera Club with an exhibition of seascapes and marine life, and Colin
Knight and Mark Colvin
with a butterfly presentation on the behalf of the Sussex
branch of the Butterfly
Oceans Day on Facebook
Nations: World Oceans Day.
not as luxuriant as the best years, the expanse of Horseshoe
Vetch, Hippocrepis comosa,
at its peak on the lower slopes of Mill Hill,
(north of Old Shoreham). The yellow patches could be seen from a distance
across the the other side of the wide valley. In the intermittent sunshine
under the fluffy Cumulus
fluttered amongst the yellow flowers, notably the male Adonis
Blues in their first of two broods. In
the UK. this
medium-sized butterfly is only found on the chalk hills in the south-east
of England. I counted 79 in the 1.2 acre transect
on Mill Hill in half an hour, all the bright blue males apart from three
of the chocolate brown females. One mating pair was spotted in less than
ideal weather. Mill Hill Local Nature Reserve
is nationally renowned for its blue butterflies
which comes alive with the flutterings in the warmer months with at least
24 different species to be seen during the year. On
this early June
day, the Dingy Skippers were
frequently seen in the short chalkhill vegetation on the infertile Rabbit
cropped steeper slopes. There were also the Large
Whites, the large bright yellow Brimstone
Butterfly and the inconspicuous Grizzled
Skipper. The tiny flash of orange was
the Small Heath Butterfly.
were many more butterflies outside of the transect area including the female
more information about the local butterflies the Sussex
branch of the Butterfly
Conservation Society will host a stall
at Adur World Oceans
Day on 8
June 2013, with photographer Colin
Knight and environmental consultant Mark
visited the lower slopes of Mill
Hill . Although the weather was overcast
with a cold wind, there were occasional sunny intervals .I saw the first
Blue of the season, but only one around.
Others seen were Grizzled Skipper
(1), Dingy Skipper
(3), Small Heath
(5), Green-veined White
Butterflies: First Dates
just a few minutes I felt he brief and weak warmth of the sun from between
the white clouds, as I was battered by a chill north-east breeze (Force
5 gusting to Force 6).
few spring flowers were noted for the
first time. And I spotted only my second butterfly
of the year, a slightly tatty Small Tortoiseshell
on Stinging Nettles on the path to the west of Middle Road Allotments,
Butterflies: First Dates
Rails were discovered for the first time on the very damp fields
between Worthing and Sompting.
the afternoon one Snipe
flew over the road by the Norfolk
Bridge and another was feeding on a verge
beside Shoreham Airport.
was seen roosting with the more usual waders on Adur Saltings but flew
off before high tide in the morning.
was surprised to see my first butterfly
of the year. A fine Peacock Butterfly
rose from the path amongst the scrub on Mill
Hill and away over the Old Man's Beard.
have been caught off the Sussex coast. A notable specimen fish landed by
Camilleri of the South
Coast Angling Club, based at Shoreham Harbour,
weighed in at 18.5 kg (40 lb 12 oz). The
Channel is not usually noted for its Cod.
Dunlins on the Adur
Brent Geese on Widewater
blew vertically in from the east (Force
4) during daylight. Around midday
the snow was an inch (25 mm)
deep on the cold ground in Shoreham with the air temperature only just
below freezing. On the cyclepath north of Old Shoreham the depth of snow
was measured at 60 mm.
By late afternoon
the snow eased off, turned to sleet and in town the snow turned to slush,
but in the residential streets there was still snow on the pavements at
Nature Notes 2012