World Oceans Day
Oceans Day was first declared as 8th June at the Earth Summit in Rio de
Janeiro in 1992.
occurred all around the world on and around this day.
was one of the UK leaders in presenting the seventeenth environmental exhibition
Oceans Day on Coronation
British Marine Life Study
Society presented the usual exhibition of the seashore
aquarium and the
lobsters and crabs.
The Friends of Shoreham Beach (FOSB)
took an active role with their display of the wonders of Shoreham
Beach. Wildlife writer Steve
Savage presented the Man and the Sea exhibition
with a video microscope. Exhibitors were available to find the time to
answer questions about marine life. World
of Widewater exhibited a display and information about the brackish
water lagoon and local nature reserve.
participants included Southwick
Camera Club with an exhibition of seascapes and marine life.
Oceans Day on facebook
World Oceans Day on facebook
Nations: World Oceans Day
chill under the clear blue sky in the morning
but by midday the sun shone on
the steep embankment of Shoreham Harbour
opposite Shoreham Power Station. With the sun came some late butterflies,
at least three male Common Blues,
at least two of them fresh and intact amongst the longer grass. After
five minutes a Clouded Yellow
flew past and although I only saw one at a time, I thought there could
be at least three of them. Last but not least, a Peacock
Butterfly flew up the steep bank by the
steps as I was about to leave. At least I thought it would be the last
butterfly (possibly the last of the year?)
until another Clouded Yellow
Butterfly List 2016
a varied cloudy
day, the most spectacular Rainbow
I had ever seen appeared over Shoreham for 18 minutes in the afternoon.
It appeared as both as a double rainbow
and even a treble rainbow
for a very brief moment.
flew to and fro over the top of Mill Hill under a blue sky in a
prelude to migration. In the complete opposite
to my normal route, I walked over the top plateau toward the upper car
park. The very short turf was covered in hundreds of budding Autumn
Gentian plants with a few in flower.
I stopped by some Small Scabious
and chanced upon a single spike of the late orchid
Autumn Lady's Tresses for the first time
on Mill Hill for several years.
species of butterflies
and at least four moths
were dominated by Meadow Browns
worn but amorous Adonis
with a few Clouded Yellows.
All paled compared to the unexpected highlight of the afternoon, as I discovered
a 75 cm long adult Adder
organised walk by Sussex
Botanical Recording Society on Shoreham
Beach Nature Reserve led to the discovery of plants
that were not on the Friends
of Shoreham Beach list or noted before
on these Nature Notes pages. This most notable
of these were the diminutive four-petalled flower and easily overlooked
maritima, and even easier to miss
very rare Ray's Knotgrass,
oxyspermum. Both straggling prostrate plants were discovered right
down on the shingle beach only a metres above the strandline.
Knotgrass, Sea Mayweed
Blues on Mill Hill
Yellow and Painted
a morning visit to Mill Hill to avoid the
humid warmth of the midday sun.
When the sun warmed up the hill the butterflies
came out in their hundreds. Thirteen species
and over a hundred each of Adonis Blues
and Meadow Browns,
handful of Clouded Yellows
and the remnants of the Chalkhill Blues
were most notable. Later in the day I added a Small
Tortoiseshell to the list to make fourteen
Blue on Carline
species of butterfly were seen on a
promising but ultimately disappointing day, mainly a trip to Mill
Butterfly Day List
rather plain looking moth was found indoors. It seems most likely that
is the rarely recorded Plumed Fanfoot,
plumigeralis. This is thought
to be an immigrant or recently established resident.
Brown, Pyrausta purpuralis, Pyrausta
despicata, Small Tortoiseshell
White, Chalkhill Blue, Dingy
in a Gale
Skipper, Chalkhill Blue,
Brown, Adonis Blue, Chalkhill Blue
was so windy on Mill Hill, I nearly turned
for home immediately, if it wasn't for the bright orange of a Painted
Lady Butterfly. Many of the butterflies
were resting but I was very surprised to spot a second brood male Adonis
Blue (11 days earlier than last year).
Even allowing for a cool day, male Chalkhill
Blues was disappointing on Mill Hill with
only 28 in a half acre transect. Altogether, in about 90 minutes, I recorded
an unexpected 13 species of butterfly including
a first ever (see below).
After examining the photographs at home, I discovered my first ever Silver-spotted
Skipper on the lower slopes of Mill Hill
in the corner of an image, not seen at the time.
and sliding through the Tor Grass, the adult Black
to sense me and reversed direction before my camera could focus. At first,
it was coiled up looking like a discarded belt on the lower slopes of Mill
Hill. I spotted a Common Lizard
by a yellow ants
nest with at least a dozen Slow Worms on
the southern top part of Mill Hill near the road.
species of butterfly were seen in under an hour until my visit to Mill
Hill was interrupted
by light rain.
& 26 July 2016
and a bit of an afternoon breeze was welcome after the two day heat wave.
the lower slopes of Mill Hill, the male
Blue Butterflies (36) were numerous and
settled enough for a photograph.
a breeze (Force
4) was blowing as it was very
warm > 26.8° C during
the day rising to 28.9° C in
the evening and
25.9° C at midnight
the rain started with gusts to Gale
Beach Weather Station
the first warm day (>25.3°
C) of the year, the
Blue Butterflies (16) finally emerged
on the lower slopes of Mill Hill when I
visited in the middle of the day. They were all flighty and once in flight
they rarely stopped. The rain earlier in the year had caused some vegetation
to grow quicker than normal and the path at the bottom was covered in Brambles
to such an extent I nearly trod on a large Black
Adder coiled up on the path in front of
first Gatekeeper Butterfly
of the year appeared on a rainy Mill
was perched on the hedgerow at the bottom of Mill
Hill. It made a leisurely take off and glided over the meadow below.
The afternoon sunshine persuaded a few butterflies
into flight: Marbled Whites
led the way with 35 seen, mostly on Mill Hill, where Meadow
Brown males were the second most common
of ten species
seen on the day.
on Mill Hill
at least one Common Green Grasshopper, Omocestus
most interesting find was a white version of the common purple-blue Self-Heal
illustrated on the right above. And the second most interesting discovery
had to wait until I viewed the photographs and was my very first Green
Grasshopper, Omocestus viridulus, from Mill Hill or anywhere
in Shoreham and Adur.
seas off Widewater
from Mill Hill
of yellow of the Horseshoe Vetch, Hippocrepis
comosa, at its peak, covered the lower
slopes of Mill Hill. Nine
species of butterfly
were seen on an intermittently sunny and breezy
afternoon. These included by first Common
Blues, Adonis Blues and Green Hairstreak
of the year. The flash of crimson was the first of two Cinnabar
Moths I disturbed. Hawthorn
was now blossoming on Mill Hill and the flowers
of this small tree could be seen in the hedgerows of the Adur
Levels from the hill.
Butterfly List 2016
by Ray Hamblett
of Slow Worms
on the upper part of Mill Hill was my fourth
species of reptile this year (Adur has five
species) on a cloudy
day with a hint of a breeze and mist in the
Too cool for butterflies although I did disturb
a very fresh Speckled Wood
near the upper copse on Mill Hill, and another one on the Pixie
Path to Mill Hill.
over the lower slopes of Mill
Hill in the bright blue sky.
On the ground, sliding through the undergrowth of Tor
Grass and Brambles
a young black Adder
slithered into view. It was tricky to spot and half an hour or so later
we were rewarded by the sighting of a silvery Adder
very attractive black triangular markings and shortly afterwards a different
larger black Adder,
but only for about five seconds before they were hidden. My first two Common
Lizards of the year skitted over the area
at the northern end of the the lower slopes that had been cleared of Privet
bushes. These were my second and third species
of reptile seen this year.
species of butterfly were seen on Mill Hill
in the afternoon, frequent Peacocks,
a handful of patrolling Brimstones,
my first two Small Tortoiseshells
of the year, a Small White,
and last (at 2:15 pm)
and certainly not least a handful of the first Grizzled
Skippers of the year. All species visited
the abundant Dog Violets.
after midday a
Butterfly briefly landed in front of me
on the larger pebbles by Shoreham
Beach. It was my first butterfly
of the year. And it was the first rays of
sun that prompted at least 25 Wall Lizards,
muralis, to peek out of their holes in the carnot
wall of the old redoubt,
and from their shelter in crannies of the earth and rubble embankment.
All but one were adults with lizards in pairs and sometimes in three in
choice holes. This number seen was approaching
to the most numerous seen (38) in one day.
One lizard skittered
right up to the top of the wall.
Butterfly List 2016
of the egg cases
of the Undulate Ray
were scattered over the foreshore above the high tide
on the shingle marked by washed up seaweeds
and other strandline debris.
the fading light of the late afternoon, I spotted the silhouette of a small
bird in a budding Elm tree
on the footpath by Frampton's Field, Old
Shoreham, near where the footpath meets The Street. It turned out to be
the first Goldcrest
I have seen locally for several years.
Owl finally made an appearance over the
saltings near New Salts Farm, swopping low over the reed beds just before
sunset. This time it outshone the male
perched on some telephone wires. The owl
was mobbed at time by a Herring Gull,
flushing it and making the view livelier. The flooded stream that runs
through the now fenced in open land hosted at least two Coots
and at least two Moorhen.
The Moorhen squealed
as the owl flew
the small patch of open water by New Salts Farm (within the Shoreham boundary)
a Little Grebe
dived under accompanied by a Moorhen,
and a pair of Mallards.
by Paul Loader
the reed beds, a Kestrel
hovered and descended in the hunt several times without success. At Civil
Twilight his performance excelled that
of a Short-eared Owl
that spent half an hour perched in the reed bed with an occasional preen,
before flying away and out of view as dusk (Nautical
Twilight) set in and the temperature plummeted
Owl was seen and photographed
flooding to the north in the low lying fields around Henfield could seen
from the muddy footpath north of and downhill from Beeding Hill car park.
by Paul Loader
a Common Seal
spotted and photographed in the River
first wild mammal of the year a was a Red
casually trotting along Middle Road,
Shoreham, in darkness mid- evening.
usual the first bird of the year was an adult Herring
Gull gliding over Corbyn Crescent in the
Wild Flowers 2016
Beach Weather Station
Nature Notes 2013