This is the first published
Electronic Newspaper for
Shoreham-by-Sea and the
Adur Valley & District, West Sussex, England
4 September 2001: Volume 3 Issue 28
2 September 2001
OF BRITAIN AIR SHOW
overcast weekend nearly put a dampener on the Shoreham Air Show. There
seemed to be less displays than usual and the crowds were down - I would
estimate by about 50% on the Sunday to my estimate of about 15,000.
was some strange activity in the field at the back of the Sussex Pad and
this may have been a replica of a World War I airfield scene complete with
a Sopwith Camel biplane. At a distance through my low powered binoculars
(from the towpath outside Adur Metal Works), I could see not clearly.
the World in 30 Days
Oliphant-Hope on an Eastern Atlantic Helicopter leaves today from Shoreham
Airport on a round the world trip. The route travels over Russia and will
cross the Bering Strait.
Downs National Park : Proposed Area
on the URL for the complete map
Sussex County Council announce most paths are now open, unless they are
inhabited or used by farm livestock, or farm animals are nearby.
path from Old Shoreham is officially
send any comments to: Andy Horton
Bird Hawk-Moth, Macroglossum
this year buzzed
around the Buddleia
bushes on the path to the Waterworks Road (TQ
209 063). After the rain shower, there were no butterflies or dragonflies,
only a species of yellow moth. The Grey
Herons had left the meadows to feed at
the low tide neaps on the River Adur north of the
fly-over. Under the Railway Viaduct,
tiny Common Goby fry, Pomatoschistus
sp., were present in their thousands amongst the small clumps of Irish
Moss, (a seaweed) Chondrus crispus.
fish would be too small (20 mm) and quick to excite the interest of even
the Black-headed Gulls.
Nature & History - August 2001 Newsletter
outdo all others in brutality. Ungovernable, entirely at home at sea, they
attack unexpectedly. When they are ready to sail home they drown or crucify
one in ten of their victims as a sacrifice, distributing the iniquity of
death by the equity of lot.’
Appollinaris, landowner, poet and later bishop, writing of the Anglo-Saxons
in 470 AD
350 years ago on 3
September 1651, the Battle of Worcester
Civil War Re-enactment
Brief History of the Civil Wars
Scots Army had, meanwhile, recovered from its defeat and after rebuilding
and re-equipping invaded England on August 6th, 1651. Moving rapidly the
Scots, supported by a number of English Royalist sympathisers, occupied
Worcester on August 22nd. Cromwell pursued and, after defeating the Earl
of Derby at Wigan on August 25th, attacked the Royalists at Worcester on
September 3rd. The resultant battle was a disaster for the King and he
fled the field in fear of his life (it was during the flight after Worcester
that Charles was hidden in an oak tree to avoid his would-be captors).
Charles fled to France and was to remain in exile until the anarchy which
followed Cromwell's death in 1658 caused Englishmen to call for a return
of the King and stable government. Charles II landed at Dover, an acknowledged
King, on May 25th, 1660.
The Battle of Worcester 1651
Books to Read
The Battle of Worcester 1651
Commemoration Events 2001
'A King in Hiding' Day School
at Moseley Old Hall
Essex Men at the Battle of
by David Appleby
Photo from "The English
Recreated in Colour Photographs"
King Charles II ws on
the run before finally escaping from near
Shoreham on 15 October 1651.
from the Time
Team web page:
Tribes (Anglo-Saxon) in England from the 5th
standard home appears to have been what archaeologists call a ‘sunken
featured building’ (SFB), but there is also some evidence for the continued
use of Roman buildings as well. SFBs used to lead archaeologists to believe
that people lived in squalor (thus confirming popular misconceptions about
the ‘Dark’ Ages) because they are usually found full of domestic rubbish.
However, that is now considered unlikely and the current theory is that
the sunken level is an underfloor cavity that would have been used for
of example of the sunken building is the weaving hut at Erringham, on the
downs north of Shoreham.
is the probably date of the settlements ending in 'ing' between the Adur
and the Arun.
barrow burial site at Old Erringham is dated to this century. A solitary
copper alloy ansated brooch, Frankish
? (parallel types from the Netherlands) unlike others found in Sussex,
from Old Erringham is dated from the 8th century.
from Jason Finch
current thinking about SFB does seems to be that they were used as work
with (possibly) some sort of flooring and the 'sunken' bit used for storage
though I think the evidence for flooring is limited, but absence of evidence
is not evidence of absence...at least that was the 'current' theory about
three years ago when I was doing a BA in Archaeology. As to who develop
the idea, I can't quite remember (notes and books still in packing boxes
after move) but I think it partly came down to practical experimentation.
I know from one I've been involved in that the 'sunken' section is prone
to flooding, unless you aid some sort of drain (so far I don't know of
any excavations that have mentioned this).
the old idea that people lived in holes was really due to the idea that
the Romans left and took 'civilisation' with them and that those horrible
one step above the animals they farmed and that the best thing that ever
happened to them was they were conquered by the Normans-Archaeology
used to support political interpretations of history I'm afraid (of course
would never happen now...). It's only when archaeologists stopped
trying to make the evidence fit commonly accepted views of the past and
think practically about things that these old myths started to change.
about it logically, you dig a hole and build a roof over it and live in
the hole, piling your rubbish up around you, in a country where it rains
a lot, water collects in holes. To think that such a theory was ever
widely accepted really shows that people have not always really thought
about the past sensibly. Only a fool (or a Hobbit) would live in
a hole in the ground, if you can build walls and a roof, you can lay down
floor boards or something...and if you can go to all the bother of digging
a hole for your hut, you can dig a rubbish pit...or chuck the rubbish outside
rather than live in it. Part of the problem is how long they were
used for and whether the rubbish found was deposited when the building
was in use. Old disused SFBs could have been used as rubbish dumps.
Of course, the 'great' thing about modern archaeology is that (supposedly)
any theory about the past is as valid as any other, so long as the theory
can not be disproved (and it
some sort of supporting evidence).
to SFBs being evidence of greater habitation, now we tend to look at sites
in context of what is around them (TT last night was a good example)
rather than alone, we 'realise' that they were only one part of a settlement
pattern, or land use, or people being active in the environment.
of the Week
| stjl | n. Pl. -lae | -li | , -las. L19. [L = bucket.] Archaeol.
A vessel resembling a bucket in shape.situlate | stjlt | , situliform
adjs. having the form of a situla M20.
| fatk | a. E20. [f. Gk phatos spoken or phatikos assertory: see
-IC.] Of speech or speech sounds: serving to establish or maintain social
relationships rather than to impart information.
| pardLm | n. L15. [Late L paradigma f. Gk paradeigma example, f.
paradeiknunai show side by side, f. as PARA-1 + deiknunai to show.] 1 An
example; a pattern followed; a typical instance; an epitome; Philos. a
mode of viewing the world which underlies the theories and methodology
of science in a particular period of history. L15. 2 Gram. A list
serving as an example or pattern of the inflections of an inflected part
of speech. L16.
T. EAGLETON In the drive for order history selects criticism as both paradigm
and instrument of such a project. Scientific American The momentous discovery
of universal gravitationbecame the paradigm of successful science.
paradigm case a case or instance to be regarded as representative or typical.
| -dmatk | a. [Gk paradeigmatikos] of the nature of a paradigm; exemplary;
Ling. belonging to a set of linguistically associated or interchangeable
forms: M17. paradigmatical a. paradigmatic L16-L18. paradigmatically
| -dmatk()li | adv. (chiefly Ling.) as a paradigm, by means of a
paradigm, in terms of a paradigm M19. paradigmatize v.t. present
as a model, make an example of M17-E18.
from The Oxford Interactive Encyclopedia
by The Learning Company, Inc. Copyright (c) 1997 TLC Properties Inc.
Saturday every month.
on Netscape Composer 4.7